Baba Bakala

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Baba Bakala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.6% Male 234
 
 
6.4% Female 16

Marital status

58.4% Not married 146
 
 
41.2% Married 103

If married, did the victim have children?

35.2% Yes 88
 
 
6.0% No 15


Total children surviving victims: 229


Religion

99.2% Sikh 248
 
 
0.8% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

80.0% Jat 200
 
 
19.2% Non-Jat 48

Age

6.4% 0-17 16
 
77.6% 18-33 194
 
10.4% 34-49 26
 
1.2% 50-64 3
 
1.6% 65+ 4
 

Education

16.0% No education 40
 
18.0% Primary school 45
 
15.6% Middle school 39
 
43.2% High school 108
 
0.8% Some college 2
 
3.6% College degree 9
 
0.8% Graduate degree 2
 
1.6% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

37.6% Farmer/agriculture 94
 
8.8% Student 22
 
8.8% Unemployed 22
 
7.6% Day labourer 19
 
6.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 15
 
5.2% Shopkeeper 13
 
3.6% Housewife 9
 
0.8% Mechanic 2
 
0.4% Carpenter 1
 
24.8% Other 62
 

Urban / Rural

97.6% Rural 244
 
 
2.4% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

40.0% Yes 100
 
 
59.2% No 148

Prior torture

30.8% Yes 77
 
 
9.2% No 23

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

77.6% Yes 194
 
 
20.8% No 52

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

15.4% Yes 23
 
 
86.6% No 129

Witnesses to abduction

59.6% Yes 149
 
 
4.0% No 10

Victim abduction location

18.0% Victim’s residence 45
 
16.4% Roadside 41
 
10.8% Friend/relative's residence 27
 
6.0% Village fields 15
 
3.2% Checkpoint (naka) 8
 
2.0% Police station 5
 
1.2% Shop/market 3
 
0.8% Village drain 2
 
0.4% Bus station/stand 1
 
14.4% Other 36
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

46.8% Yes 117
 
 
30.0% No 75

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Other 50
 
16.4% Denied involvement 41
 
15.2% Gave no response 38
 
10.0% Told family to go to another police station 25
 
9.2% Admitted custody only 23
 
6.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 17
 
5.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 14
 
0.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.8% Victim accidentally killed in custody 2
 
0.4% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.8% Yes 7
 
 
36.0% No 90

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.4% Extrajudicial executions 211
 
 
15.6% Enforced disappearances 39

Number of victims per family

77.2% 1 victim 193
 
13.6% 2 victims 34
 
5.2% 3 victims 13
 
0.4% 4 victims 1
 
3.6% 9 victims 9
 

Related incidents

4.8% Genuine encounters in family 12
 
 
94.0% No genuine encounters in family 235

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

40.8% Cremated the body 102
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 

Security forces returned body

12.4% Yes 31
 
2.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
70.0% No 175
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.2% Bullet wounds 38
 
2.4% Bruises 6
 
2.4% Broken bones 6
 
1.6% Other 4
 
1.6% Cuts/wounds 4
 
0.8% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
0.4% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

58.4% Yes 146
 
 
23.2% No 58

Security forces uniformed

89.3% Yes 133
 
 
8.7% No 13

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

73.2% Punjab Police 183
 
11.6% CRPF 29
 
2.4% Army 6
 
2.0% Other 5
 
1.2% Black cat 3
 
0.4% BSF 1
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

75.2% Punjab police 188
 
9.2% CRPF 23
 
3.6% Black cat 9
 
1.6% Army 4
 
1.6% Other 4
 
0.8% BSF 2
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.0% Combatant 100
 
 
56.8% Non-combatant 142

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

23.2% Yes 58
 
 
30.4% No 76

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.8% Yes 37
 
 
6.8% No 17

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

67.2% Yes 168
 
 
32.0% No 80

Approached security officials

55.6% Yes 139
 
 
44.0% No 110

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

24.4% Afraid of retaliation 61
 
10.8% Didn’t know what to do 27
 
8.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 21
 
3.6% Couldn’t afford 9
 
2.8% Not applicable 7
 
1.6% Other 4
 

Remedies desired from government

74.4% Monetary compensation to family 186
 
53.2% Truth commission 133
 
49.6% Employment 124
 
47.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 119
 
46.4% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 116
 
17.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 44
 
12.4% Investigations into abuses 31
 
6.4% Memorial for victims 16
 
4.0% Desire nothing from government 10
 
4.0% Other 10
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Amritsar 250
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.4% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.4% 1986 1
 
2.8% 1987 7
 
4.8% 1988 12
 
3.2% 1989 8
 
8.0% 1990 20
 
20.0% 1991 50
 
32.4% 1992 81
 
20.8% 1993 52
 
0.8% 1994 2
 
0.4% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.8% 1997 2
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.4% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.4% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0