Baba Bakala

District: Amritsar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Baba Bakala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.5% Male 230
 
 
6.5% Female 16

Marital status

58.9% Not married 145
 
 
40.7% Married 100

If married, did the victim have children?

34.6% Yes 85
 
 
6.1% No 15


Total children surviving victims: 216


Religion

99.2% Sikh 244
 
 
0.8% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

80.5% Jat 198
 
 
18.7% Non-Jat 46

Age

6.5% 0-17 16
 
77.2% 18-33 190
 
10.6% 34-49 26
 
1.2% 50-64 3
 
1.6% 65+ 4
 

Education

16.3% No education 40
 
17.9% Primary school 44
 
15.9% Middle school 39
 
42.7% High school 105
 
0.8% Some college 2
 
3.7% College degree 9
 
0.8% Graduate degree 2
 
1.6% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

37.0% Farmer/agriculture 91
 
8.9% Unemployed 22
 
8.9% Student 22
 
7.7% Day labourer 19
 
6.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 15
 
5.3% Shopkeeper 13
 
3.7% Housewife 9
 
0.8% Mechanic 2
 
0.4% Carpenter 1
 
24.8% Other 61
 

Urban / Rural

97.6% Rural 240
 
 
2.4% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

39.0% Yes 96
 
 
60.2% No 148

Prior torture

29.7% Yes 73
 
 
9.3% No 23

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

77.6% Yes 191
 
 
20.7% No 51

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

15.9% Yes 23
 
 
89.7% No 130

Witnesses to abduction

58.9% Yes 145
 
 
4.1% No 10

Victim abduction location

17.9% Victim’s residence 44
 
16.7% Roadside 41
 
11.0% Friend/relative's residence 27
 
6.1% Village fields 15
 
3.3% Checkpoint (naka) 8
 
2.0% Police station 5
 
1.2% Shop/market 3
 
0.8% Village drain 2
 
0.4% Bus station/stand 1
 
13.8% Other 34
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

46.3% Yes 114
 
 
30.5% No 75

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.1% Other 47
 
16.3% Denied involvement 40
 
15.4% Gave no response 38
 
10.2% Told family to go to another police station 25
 
9.3% Admitted custody only 23
 
6.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 17
 
5.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 13
 
0.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.8% Victim accidentally killed in custody 2
 
0.4% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.7% Yes 9
 
 
35.8% No 88

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.6% Extrajudicial executions 208
 
 
15.4% Enforced disappearances 38

Number of victims per family

76.8% 1 victim 189
 
13.8% 2 victim 34
 
5.3% 3 victim 13
 
0.4% 4 victim 1
 
3.7% 9 victim 9
 

Related incidents

4.9% Genuine encounters in family 12
 
 
93.9% No genuine encounters in family 231

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

40.7% Cremated the body 100
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 

Security forces returned body

12.6% Yes 31
 
1.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 4
 
70.3% No 173
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.4% Bullet wounds 38
 
2.4% Broken bones 6
 
2.4% Bruises 6
 
1.6% Other 4
 
1.6% Cuts/wounds 4
 
0.8% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
0.4% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

58.5% Yes 144
 
 
23.6% No 58

Security forces uniformed

91.0% Yes 132
 
 
9.0% No 13

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

74.0% Punjab Police 182
 
11.8% CRPF 29
 
2.4% Army 6
 
1.6% Other 4
 
1.2% Black cat 3
 
0.4% BSF 1
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

75.6% Punjab police 186
 
8.9% CRPF 22
 
3.7% Black cat 9
 
1.6% Army 4
 
1.6% Other 4
 
0.8% BSF 2
 
0.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

39.8% Combatant 98
 
 
56.9% Non-combatant 140

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

22.8% Yes 56
 
 
30.9% No 76

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.2% Yes 35
 
 
6.9% No 17

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

67.1% Yes 165
 
 
32.1% No 79

Approached security officials

54.9% Yes 135
 
 
44.7% No 110

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

24.4% Afraid of retaliation 60
 
11.0% Didn’t know what to do 27
 
8.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 20
 
3.7% Couldn’t afford 9
 
2.8% Not applicable 7
 
1.6% Other 4
 

Remedies desired from government

74.0% Monetary compensation to family 182
 
53.7% Truth commission 132
 
49.6% Employment 122
 
48.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 118
 
46.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 115
 
17.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 44
 
12.6% Investigations into abuses 31
 
6.1% Memorial for victims 15
 
4.1% Other 10
 
4.1% Desire nothing from government 10
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 246
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.4% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.4% 1986 1
 
2.8% 1987 7
 
4.9% 1988 12
 
3.3% 1989 8
 
7.7% 1990 19
 
20.3% 1991 50
 
32.1% 1992 79
 
20.7% 1993 51
 
0.8% 1994 2
 
0.4% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.8% 1997 2
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.4% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.4% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.5% Date Unknown 11