Jalandhar I

District: Jalandhar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Jalandhar I Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.8% Male 46
 
 
4.2% Female 2

Marital status

62.5% Not married 30
 
 
37.5% Married 18

If married, did the victim have children?

37.5% Yes 18
 


Total children surviving victims: 39


Religion

97.9% Sikh 47
 
 
2.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

64.6% Jat 31
 
 
35.4% Non-Jat 17

Age

4.2% 0-17 2
 
79.2% 18-33 38
 
12.5% 34-49 6
 
2.1% 50-64 1
 
2.1% 65+ 1
 

Education

6.2% No education 3
 
8.3% Primary school 4
 
18.8% Middle school 9
 
47.9% High school 23
 
2.1% Some college 1
 
12.5% College degree 6
 
4.2% Graduate degree 2
 

Employment

20.8% Farmer/agriculture 10
 
18.8% Student 9
 
12.5% Day labourer 6
 
10.4% Mechanic 5
 
6.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
6.2% Shopkeeper 3
 
4.2% Unemployed 2
 
29.2% Other 14
 

Urban / Rural

52.1% Rural 25
 
 
47.9% Urban 23

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

64.6% Yes 31
 
 
35.4% No 17

Prior torture

47.9% Yes 23
 
 
16.7% No 8

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

87.5% Yes 42
 
 
10.4% No 5

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

3.7% Yes 1
 
 
100.0% No 27

Witnesses to abduction

56.2% Yes 27
 
 
18.8% No 9

Victim abduction location

16.7% Victim’s residence 8
 
16.7% Roadside 8
 
10.4% Friend/relative's residence 5
 
6.2% Village fields 3
 
4.2% Shop/market 2
 
4.2% Police station 2
 
2.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.1% Bus station/stand 1
 
12.5% Other 6
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

43.8% Yes 21
 
 
43.8% No 21

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.8% Gave no response 9
 
18.8% Denied involvement 9
 
10.4% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
8.3% Other 4
 
8.3% Admitted custody only 4
 
4.2% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
2.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
66.7% No 32

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

68.8% Extrajudicial executions 33
 
 
31.2% Enforced disappearances 15

Number of victims per family

83.3% 1 victim 40
 
8.3% 2 victim 4
 
8.3% 3 victim 4
 

Related incidents

2.1% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
97.9% No genuine encounters in family 47

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

25.0% Cremated the body 12
 

Security forces returned body

14.6% Yes 7
 
2.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
52.1% No 25
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.5% Bullet wounds 6
 
2.1% Broken bones 1
 
2.1% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.1% Burn marks 1
 
2.1% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

54.2% Yes 26
 
 
18.8% No 9

Security forces uniformed

63.0% Yes 17
 
 
22.2% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.9% Punjab Police 35
 
10.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
6.2% CRPF 3
 
4.2% Black cat 2
 
2.1% Other 1
 
2.1% Army 1
 
2.1% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

58.3% Punjab police 28
 
8.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
2.1% Other 1
 
2.1% CRPF 1
 
2.1% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

52.1% Combatant 25
 
 
43.8% Non-combatant 21

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.8% Yes 9
 
 
22.9% No 11

If provided support, support was voluntary

18.8% Yes 9
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

33.3% Yes 16
 
 
64.6% No 31

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 24
 
 
45.8% No 22

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

33.3% Afraid of retaliation 16
 
22.9% Believed it would have been ineffective 11
 
18.8% Couldn’t afford 9
 
14.6% Didn’t know what to do 7
 
8.3% Not applicable 4
 

Remedies desired from government

72.9% Truth commission 35
 
54.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 26
 
52.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 25
 
50.0% Investigations into abuses 24
 
41.7% Monetary compensation to family 20
 
35.4% Employment 17
 
29.2% Memorial for victims 14
 
16.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
12.5% Desire nothing from government 6
 
2.1% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Jalandhar 48
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.1% 1984 1
 
2.1% 1985 1
 
6.2% 1986 3
 
8.3% 1987 4
 
10.4% 1988 5
 
6.2% 1989 3
 
2.1% 1990 1
 
6.2% 1991 3
 
25.0% 1992 12
 
25.0% 1993 12
 
2.1% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.2% Date Unknown 2