Jalandhar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Jalandhar District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.8% Male 149
 
 
3.2% Female 5

Marital status

63.0% Not married 97
 
 
37.0% Married 57

If married, did the victim have children?

33.8% Yes 52
 
 
1.9% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 128


Religion

96.1% Sikh 148
 
 
3.9% Non-Sikh 6

Caste

68.2% Jat 105
 
 
31.8% Non-Jat 49

Age

5.2% 0-17 8
 
79.2% 18-33 122
 
10.4% 34-49 16
 
2.6% 50-64 4
 
1.3% 65+ 2
 

Education

12.3% No education 19
 
13.0% Primary school 20
 
19.5% Middle school 30
 
38.3% High school 59
 
3.2% Some college 5
 
6.5% College degree 10
 
4.5% Graduate degree 7
 
2.6% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

30.5% Farmer/agriculture 47
 
21.4% Student 33
 
11.0% Day labourer 17
 
7.1% Mechanic 11
 
6.5% Shopkeeper 10
 
5.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
3.9% Unemployed 6
 
1.9% Carpenter 3
 
0.6% Housewife 1
 
22.7% Other 35
 

Urban / Rural

83.1% Rural 128
 
 
16.9% Urban 26

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

53.2% Yes 82
 
 
46.8% No 72

Prior torture

40.9% Yes 63
 
 
12.3% No 19

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.9% Yes 123
 
 
18.2% No 28

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

13.2% Yes 10
 
 
97.4% No 74

Witnesses to abduction

49.4% Yes 76
 
 
16.9% No 26

Victim abduction location

14.3% Victim’s residence 22
 
13.6% Roadside 21
 
11.0% Friend/relative's residence 17
 
5.2% Village fields 8
 
3.9% Shop/market 6
 
3.9% Police station 6
 
3.2% Checkpoint (naka) 5
 
2.6% Bus station/stand 4
 
13.0% Other 20
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

44.2% Yes 68
 
 
35.1% No 54

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.9% Gave no response 23
 
12.3% Denied involvement 19
 
10.4% Other 16
 
6.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 10
 
4.5% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
2.6% Admitted custody only 4
 
1.9% Victim had escaped 3
 
1.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
0.6% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.2% Yes 5
 
 
60.4% No 93

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

77.3% Extrajudicial executions 119
 
 
22.7% Enforced disappearances 35

Number of victims per family

87.0% 1 victim 134
 
10.4% 2 victims 16
 
2.6% 3 victims 4
 

Related incidents

1.3% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
98.1% No genuine encounters in family 151

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

24.7% Cremated the body 38
 

Security forces returned body

24.0% Yes 37
 
3.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
50.0% No 77
 

Condition of corpse, if known

16.9% Bullet wounds 26
 
6.5% Bruises 10
 
5.8% Other 9
 
5.2% Broken bones 8
 
3.9% Cuts/wounds 6
 
3.2% Burn marks 5
 
2.6% Missing fingernails 4
 
1.9% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.6% Yes 81
 
 
23.4% No 36

Security forces uniformed

85.5% Yes 65
 
 
15.8% No 12

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.8% Punjab Police 109
 
7.1% CRPF 11
 
6.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 10
 
3.2% Black cat 5
 
1.3% Other 2
 
0.6% BSF 1
 
0.6% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

67.5% Punjab police 104
 
9.7% CRPF 15
 
4.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
1.9% Other 3
 
1.9% BSF 3
 
1.9% Black cat 3
 
1.3% Army 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

46.8% Combatant 72
 
 
46.1% Non-combatant 71

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

11.0% Yes 17
 
 
34.4% No 53

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.7% Yes 15
 
 
1.3% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

14.9% Yes 23
 
 
83.1% No 128

Approached security officials

43.5% Yes 67
 
 
53.9% No 83

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Afraid of retaliation 77
 
26.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 41
 
24.7% Didn’t know what to do 38
 
21.4% Couldn’t afford 33
 
3.9% Not applicable 6
 
0.6% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

68.2% Truth commission 105
 
59.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 92
 
53.2% Monetary compensation to family 82
 
49.4% Investigations into abuses 76
 
40.9% Employment 63
 
38.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 59
 
25.3% Memorial for victims 39
 
16.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 25
 
8.4% Desire nothing from government 13
 
5.8% Other 9
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Jalandhar 154
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.6% 1984 4
 
0.6% 1985 1
 
6.5% 1986 10
 
9.1% 1987 14
 
11.7% 1988 18
 
16.2% 1989 25
 
5.8% 1990 9
 
7.1% 1991 11
 
20.1% 1992 31
 
11.0% 1993 17
 
1.3% 1994 2
 
0.6% 1995 1
 
1.3% 1996 2
 
0.6% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.6% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0