Jalandhar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Jalandhar District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.9% Male 156
 
 
3.1% Female 5

Marital status

64.6% Not married 104
 
 
35.4% Married 57

If married, did the victim have children?

32.3% Yes 52
 
 
1.9% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 128


Religion

96.3% Sikh 155
 
 
3.7% Non-Sikh 6

Caste

68.9% Jat 111
 
 
31.1% Non-Jat 50

Age

5.6% 0-17 9
 
79.5% 18-33 128
 
9.9% 34-49 16
 
2.5% 50-64 4
 
1.2% 65+ 2
 

Education

12.4% No education 20
 
12.4% Primary school 20
 
19.9% Middle school 32
 
37.9% High school 61
 
3.1% Some college 5
 
6.8% College degree 11
 
4.3% Graduate degree 7
 
3.1% Vocational degree 5
 

Employment

31.1% Farmer/agriculture 50
 
22.4% Student 36
 
10.6% Day labourer 17
 
6.8% Mechanic 11
 
6.2% Shopkeeper 10
 
5.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
3.7% Unemployed 6
 
1.9% Carpenter 3
 
0.6% Housewife 1
 
22.4% Other 36
 

Urban / Rural

83.2% Rural 134
 
 
16.8% Urban 27

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

54.0% Yes 87
 
 
46.0% No 74

Prior torture

41.0% Yes 66
 
 
13.0% No 21

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.1% Yes 129
 
 
18.0% No 29

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

12.3% Yes 10
 
 
93.8% No 76

Witnesses to abduction

50.3% Yes 81
 
 
16.1% No 26

Victim abduction location

14.9% Roadside 24
 
13.7% Victim’s residence 22
 
11.2% Friend/relative's residence 18
 
5.0% Village fields 8
 
4.3% Shop/market 7
 
3.7% Police station 6
 
3.1% Checkpoint (naka) 5
 
2.5% Bus station/stand 4
 
13.0% Other 21
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

44.1% Yes 71
 
 
35.4% No 57

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Gave no response 23
 
11.8% Denied involvement 19
 
10.6% Other 17
 
5.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 9
 
4.3% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
3.1% Admitted custody only 5
 
1.9% Victim had escaped 3
 
1.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
0.6% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.7% Yes 6
 
 
60.2% No 97

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

77.6% Extrajudicial executions 125
 
 
22.4% Enforced disappearances 36

Number of victims per family

87.6% 1 victim 141
 
9.9% 2 victim 16
 
2.5% 3 victim 4
 

Related incidents

1.2% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
98.1% No genuine encounters in family 158

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

24.2% Cremated the body 39
 

Security forces returned body

23.6% Yes 38
 
3.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 5
 
50.9% No 82
 

Condition of corpse, if known

16.8% Bullet wounds 27
 
6.2% Bruises 10
 
5.6% Other 9
 
5.0% Broken bones 8
 
3.7% Cuts/wounds 6
 
3.1% Burn marks 5
 
2.5% Missing fingernails 4
 
1.9% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.8% Yes 85
 
 
24.2% No 39

Security forces uniformed

82.7% Yes 67
 
 
17.3% No 14

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.8% Punjab Police 114
 
6.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 11
 
6.8% CRPF 11
 
3.1% Black cat 5
 
1.2% Other 2
 
0.6% Army 1
 
0.6% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

67.7% Punjab police 109
 
9.3% CRPF 15
 
5.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 8
 
1.9% Other 3
 
1.9% BSF 3
 
1.9% Black cat 3
 
1.2% Army 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

46.6% Combatant 75
 
 
46.6% Non-combatant 75

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

10.6% Yes 17
 
 
35.4% No 57

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.3% Yes 15
 
 
1.2% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

14.3% Yes 23
 
 
83.2% No 134

Approached security officials

42.9% Yes 69
 
 
54.7% No 88

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

49.7% Afraid of retaliation 80
 
26.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 43
 
24.2% Didn’t know what to do 39
 
21.1% Couldn’t afford 34
 
4.3% Not applicable 7
 
0.6% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

67.1% Truth commission 108
 
59.6% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 96
 
52.2% Monetary compensation to family 84
 
48.4% Investigations into abuses 78
 
39.1% Employment 63
 
38.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 62
 
24.8% Memorial for victims 40
 
15.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 25
 
9.9% Desire nothing from government 16
 
5.6% Other 9
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Jalandhar 161
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.5% 1984 4
 
0.6% 1985 1
 
6.2% 1986 10
 
9.3% 1987 15
 
11.2% 1988 18
 
16.1% 1989 26
 
5.6% 1990 9
 
6.8% 1991 11
 
21.1% 1992 34
 
11.8% 1993 19
 
1.2% 1994 2
 
0.6% 1995 1
 
1.2% 1996 2
 
0.6% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.6% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.3% Date Unknown 7