Jalandhar II

District: Jalandhar

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Jalandhar II Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.0% Male 32
 
 
3.0% Female 1

Marital status

57.6% Not married 19
 
 
42.4% Married 14

If married, did the victim have children?

42.4% Yes 14
 


Total children surviving victims: 34


Religion

100.0% Sikh 33
 

Caste

81.8% Jat 27
 
 
18.2% Non-Jat 6

Age

12.1% 0-17 4
 
75.8% 18-33 25
 
6.1% 34-49 2
 
3.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

15.2% No education 5
 
15.2% Primary school 5
 
27.3% Middle school 9
 
33.3% High school 11
 
6.1% College degree 2
 
3.0% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

45.5% Farmer/agriculture 15
 
18.2% Student 6
 
6.1% Day labourer 2
 
6.1% Shopkeeper 2
 
3.0% Unemployed 1
 
3.0% Mechanic 1
 
24.2% Other 8
 

Urban / Rural

87.9% Rural 29
 
 
12.1% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

42.4% Yes 14
 
 
57.6% No 19

Prior torture

33.3% Yes 11
 
 
9.1% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

75.8% Yes 25
 
 
18.2% No 6

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 4
 
 
55.0% No 11

Witnesses to abduction

60.6% Yes 20
 
 
9.1% No 3

Victim abduction location

21.2% Victim’s residence 7
 
6.1% Village fields 2
 
6.1% Police station 2
 
6.1% Roadside 2
 
6.1% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
6.1% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
3.0% Shop/market 1
 
12.1% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

48.5% Yes 16
 
 
24.2% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.2% Gave no response 6
 
9.1% Denied involvement 3
 
6.1% Other 2
 
6.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
3.0% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
3.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

9.1% Yes 3
 
 
39.4% No 13

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

81.8% Extrajudicial executions 27
 
 
18.2% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

84.8% 1 victim 28
 
15.2% 2 victim 5
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
97.0% No genuine encounters in family 32

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

18.2% Cremated the body 6
 

Security forces returned body

30.3% Yes 10
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
51.5% No 17
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.1% Bullet wounds 4
 
12.1% Bruises 4
 
9.1% Other 3
 
6.1% Broken bones 2
 
6.1% Cuts/wounds 2
 
3.0% Burn marks 1
 
3.0% Missing fingernails 1
 
3.0% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

69.7% Yes 23
 
 
12.1% No 4

Security forces uniformed

70.0% Yes 14
 
 
15.0% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.7% Punjab Police 22
 
9.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
9.1% CRPF 3
 
3.0% Other 1
 
3.0% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

72.7% Punjab police 24
 
9.1% CRPF 3
 
6.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
3.0% Army 1
 
3.0% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

39.4% Combatant 13
 
 
51.5% Non-combatant 17

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.1% Yes 4
 
 
39.4% No 13

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.1% Yes 3
 
 
3.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

9.1% Yes 3
 
 
87.9% No 29

Approached security officials

39.4% Yes 13
 
 
60.6% No 20

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

42.4% Afraid of retaliation 14
 
30.3% Couldn’t afford 10
 
21.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 7
 
15.2% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
6.1% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

72.7% Truth commission 24
 
60.6% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 20
 
60.6% Monetary compensation to family 20
 
51.5% Investigations into abuses 17
 
36.4% Employment 12
 
36.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 12
 
27.3% Memorial for victims 9
 
18.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
9.1% Other 3
 
9.1% Desire nothing from government 3
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Jalandhar 33
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
6.1% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
12.1% 1987 4
 
6.1% 1988 2
 
12.1% 1989 4
 
6.1% 1990 2
 
15.2% 1991 5
 
21.2% 1992 7
 
12.1% 1993 4
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
9.1% Date Unknown 3