Ludhiana East

District: Ludhiana

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Ludhiana East Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.1% Male 53
 
 
1.9% Female 1

Marital status

68.5% Not married 37
 
 
31.5% Married 17

If married, did the victim have children?

27.8% Yes 15
 
 
1.9% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 36


Religion

100.0% Sikh 54
 

Caste

63.0% Jat 34
 
 
37.0% Non-Jat 20

Age

3.7% 0-17 2
 
87.0% 18-33 47
 
5.6% 34-49 3
 
1.9% 50-64 1
 
1.9% 65+ 1
 

Education

11.1% No education 6
 
20.4% Primary school 11
 
14.8% Middle school 8
 
40.7% High school 22
 
5.6% Some college 3
 
5.6% College degree 3
 
1.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

27.8% Farmer/agriculture 15
 
14.8% Day labourer 8
 
14.8% Student 8
 
7.4% Shopkeeper 4
 
5.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
5.6% Mechanic 3
 
1.9% Unemployed 1
 
37.0% Other 20
 

Urban / Rural

66.7% Rural 36
 
 
33.3% Urban 18

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

55.6% Yes 30
 
 
42.6% No 23

Prior torture

40.7% Yes 22
 
 
14.8% No 8

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

88.9% Yes 48
 
 
7.4% No 4

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.8% Yes 6
 
 
81.2% No 26

Witnesses to abduction

59.3% Yes 32
 
 
14.8% No 8

Victim abduction location

27.8% Victim’s residence 15
 
14.8% Roadside 8
 
9.3% Shop/market 5
 
5.6% Village fields 3
 
5.6% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
3.7% Police station 2
 
3.7% Village drain 2
 
1.9% Bus station/stand 1
 
1.9% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
9.3% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

53.7% Yes 29
 
 
35.2% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.8% Other 8
 
14.8% Gave no response 8
 
13.0% Denied involvement 7
 
7.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 4
 
5.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
5.6% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
3.7% Victim had escaped 2
 
3.7% Admitted custody only 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
79.6% No 43

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

74.1% Extrajudicial executions 40
 
 
25.9% Enforced disappearances 14

Number of victims per family

77.8% 1 victim 42
 
22.2% 2 victim 12
 

Related incidents

3.7% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
94.4% No genuine encounters in family 51

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

22.2% Cremated the body 12
 

Security forces returned body

14.8% Yes 8
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
59.3% No 32
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.4% Broken bones 4
 
7.4% Bullet wounds 4
 
3.7% Bruises 2
 
3.7% Cuts/wounds 2
 
1.9% Other 1
 
1.9% Burn marks 1
 
1.9% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

42.6% Yes 23
 
 
31.5% No 17

Security forces uniformed

103.1% Yes 33
 
 
9.4% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

83.3% Punjab Police 45
 
5.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
5.6% CRPF 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

68.5% Punjab police 37
 
3.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
1.9% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.0% Combatant 20
 
 
57.4% Non-combatant 31

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.4% Yes 4
 
 
40.7% No 22

If provided support, support was voluntary

3.7% Yes 2
 
 
3.7% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

14.8% Yes 8
 
 
85.2% No 46

Approached security officials

46.3% Yes 25
 
 
51.9% No 28

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

63.0% Afraid of retaliation 34
 
22.2% Didn’t know what to do 12
 
22.2% Couldn’t afford 12
 
13.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 7
 
5.6% Not applicable 3
 
1.9% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

70.4% Monetary compensation to family 38
 
64.8% Truth commission 35
 
59.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 32
 
46.3% Employment 25
 
38.9% Investigations into abuses 21
 
37.0% Memorial for victims 20
 
22.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
16.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
7.4% Other 4
 
5.6% Desire nothing from government 3
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Ludhiana 54
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
3.7% 1983 2
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
9.3% 1988 5
 
13.0% 1989 7
 
3.7% 1990 2
 
16.7% 1991 9
 
29.6% 1992 16
 
13.0% 1993 7
 
1.9% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
1.9% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
1.9% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
5.6% Date Unknown 3