Ludhiana West

District: Ludhiana

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


42 documented cases in Ludhiana West Subdistrict

Alamgir, 2 cases
Bulara, 1
Chhokar, 1
Dakha, 1
Dhurkot, 1
Dugri, 1
Gahaur, 1
Gill, 6
Hambran, 1
Isewal, 1
Jangpur, 2
Jassian, 1
Jhamat, 1
Khanpur, 1
Latala, 3
Mohi, 1
Pandori, 1
Raqba, 2
Saraba, 3
Sarih, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Ludhiana West Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.6% Male 41
 
 
2.4% Female 1

Marital status

50.0% Not married 21
 
 
47.6% Married 20

If married, did the victim have children?

42.9% Yes 18
 
 
2.4% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 40


Religion

97.6% Sikh 41
 

Caste

69.0% Jat 29
 
 
28.6% Non-Jat 12

Age

69.0% 18-33 29
 
14.3% 34-49 6
 
2.4% 50-64 1
 
2.4% 65+ 1
 
4.8% Age unknown 2
 

Education

14.3% No education 6
 
14.3% Primary school 6
 
16.7% Middle school 7
 
28.6% High school 12
 
4.8% Some college 2
 
9.5% College degree 4
 
7.1% Graduate degree 3
 
2.4% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

26.2% Farmer/agriculture 11
 
14.3% Day labourer 6
 
14.3% Student 6
 
11.9% Shopkeeper 5
 
4.8% Carpenter 2
 
2.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.4% Unemployed 1
 
2.4% Housewife 1
 
2.4% Mechanic 1
 
23.8% Other 10
 

Urban / Rural

97.6% Rural 41
 
 
2.4% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

40.5% Yes 17
 
 
57.1% No 24

Prior torture

26.2% Yes 11
 
 
14.3% No 6

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

76.2% Yes 32
 
 
19.0% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.8% Yes 5
 
 
54.2% No 13

Witnesses to abduction

57.1% Yes 24
 
 
2.4% No 1

Victim abduction location

16.7% Victim’s residence 7
 
7.1% Village fields 3
 
7.1% Roadside 3
 
7.1% Bus station/stand 3
 
4.8% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
4.8% Shop/market 2
 
2.4% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
21.4% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

35.7% Yes 15
 
 
38.1% No 16

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.0% Other 8
 
11.9% Gave no response 5
 
7.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
7.1% Denied involvement 3
 
2.4% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
2.4% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.4% Yes 1
 
 
59.5% No 25

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

81.0% Extrajudicial executions 34
 
 
19.0% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

83.3% 1 victim 35
 
16.7% 2 victim 7
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 42

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

23.8% Cremated the body 10
 

Security forces returned body

19.0% Yes 8
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
61.9% No 26
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.1% Other 3
 
2.4% Bullet wounds 1
 
2.4% Bruises 1
 
2.4% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.4% Broken bones 1
 
2.4% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.4% Burn marks 1
 
2.4% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

42.9% Yes 18
 
 
35.7% No 15

Security forces uniformed

66.7% Yes 16
 
 
16.7% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.4% Punjab Police 30
 
4.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
4.8% CRPF 2
 
2.4% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

71.4% Punjab police 30
 
7.1% CRPF 3
 
2.4% Other 1
 
2.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
2.4% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.5% Combatant 17
 
 
57.1% Non-combatant 24

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.3% Yes 6
 
 
38.1% No 16

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.5% Yes 4
 
 
4.8% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

16.7% Yes 7
 
 
81.0% No 34

Approached security officials

45.2% Yes 19
 
 
52.4% No 22

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

54.8% Afraid of retaliation 23
 
19.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 8
 
16.7% Couldn’t afford 7
 
9.5% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
2.4% Other 1
 
2.4% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

66.7% Truth commission 28
 
61.9% Employment 26
 
61.9% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
42.9% Memorial for victims 18
 
38.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 16
 
28.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 12
 
21.4% Investigations into abuses 9
 
19.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
7.1% Desire nothing from government 3
 
4.8% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Ludhiana 42
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
2.4% 1982 1
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.4% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.4% 1986 1
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
4.8% 1988 2
 
4.8% 1989 2
 
9.5% 1990 4
 
11.9% 1991 5
 
28.6% 1992 12
 
16.7% 1993 7
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
2.4% 1996 1
 
2.4% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
11.9% Date Unknown 5