Raikot

District: Ludhiana

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


44 documented cases in Raikot Subdistrict

Abuwal, 4 cases
Andlu, 2
Bassian, 4
Binjal, 3
Ghuman, 1
Halwara, 5
Hisowal, 2
Jand, 2
Jatpura, 1
Kalsan, 2
Leel, 3
Littar, 1
Rachhin, 5
Raikot, 2
Siloani, 1
Toosa, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Raikot Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.5% Male 42
 
 
4.5% Female 2

Marital status

56.8% Not married 25
 
 
43.2% Married 19

If married, did the victim have children?

38.6% Yes 17
 
 
4.5% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 40


Religion

100.0% Sikh 44
 

Caste

63.6% Jat 28
 
 
36.4% Non-Jat 16

Age

4.5% 0-17 2
 
77.3% 18-33 34
 
15.9% 34-49 7
 

Education

9.1% No education 4
 
15.9% Primary school 7
 
29.5% Middle school 13
 
34.1% High school 15
 
2.3% Some college 1
 
2.3% College degree 1
 
2.3% Graduate degree 1
 
4.5% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

25.0% Farmer/agriculture 11
 
18.2% Day labourer 8
 
15.9% Student 7
 
4.5% Housewife 2
 
4.5% Mechanic 2
 
2.3% Carpenter 1
 
36.4% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

95.5% Rural 42
 
 
4.5% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.3% Yes 23
 
 
47.7% No 21

Prior torture

38.6% Yes 17
 
 
13.6% No 6

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.5% Yes 35
 
 
18.2% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.5% Yes 5
 
 
59.3% No 16

Witnesses to abduction

61.4% Yes 27
 
 
2.3% No 1

Victim abduction location

15.9% Roadside 7
 
13.6% Victim’s residence 6
 
9.1% Shop/market 4
 
9.1% Police station 4
 
4.5% Village fields 2
 
4.5% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
2.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
13.6% Other 6
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

54.5% Yes 24
 
 
25.0% No 11

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.4% Gave no response 5
 
11.4% Denied involvement 5
 
9.1% Other 4
 
4.5% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
4.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
2.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
2.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
2.3% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.3% Yes 1
 
 
70.5% No 31

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.5% Extrajudicial executions 42
 
 
4.5% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 33
 
25.0% 2 victim 11
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 44

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

27.3% Cremated the body 12
 

Security forces returned body

13.6% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
81.8% No 36
 

Condition of corpse, if known

6.8% Other 3
 
6.8% Bullet wounds 3
 
2.3% Broken bones 1
 
2.3% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

47.7% Yes 21
 
 
31.8% No 14

Security forces uniformed

103.7% Yes 28
 
 
7.4% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.7% Punjab Police 32
 
9.1% CRPF 4
 
4.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

88.6% Punjab police 39
 
6.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
2.3% CRPF 1
 
2.3% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.9% Combatant 18
 
 
56.8% Non-combatant 25

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

6.8% Yes 3
 
 
45.5% No 20

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.5% Yes 2
 
 
2.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

20.5% Yes 9
 
 
79.5% No 35

Approached security officials

43.2% Yes 19
 
 
56.8% No 25

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

68.2% Afraid of retaliation 30
 
13.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 6
 
11.4% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
11.4% Not applicable 5
 
6.8% Couldn’t afford 3
 
2.3% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

79.5% Truth commission 35
 
63.6% Employment 28
 
59.1% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
52.3% Investigations into abuses 23
 
45.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 20
 
34.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 15
 
15.9% Memorial for victims 7
 
13.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 6
 
9.1% Other 4
 
2.3% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Ludhiana 44
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
2.3% 1985 1
 
2.3% 1986 1
 
4.5% 1987 2
 
2.3% 1988 1
 
6.8% 1989 3
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
6.8% 1991 3
 
36.4% 1992 16
 
22.7% 1993 10
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
2.3% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
13.6% Date Unknown 6