Jagroan

District: Ludhiana

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Jagroan Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 107
 
 
0.9% Female 1

Marital status

50.0% Not married 54
 
 
49.1% Married 53

If married, did the victim have children?

42.6% Yes 46
 
 
6.5% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 134


Religion

98.1% Sikh 106
 
 
1.9% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

65.7% Jat 71
 
 
34.3% Non-Jat 37

Age

2.8% 0-17 3
 
66.7% 18-33 72
 
22.2% 34-49 24
 
5.6% 50-64 6
 
1.9% Age unknown 2
 

Education

16.7% No education 18
 
24.1% Primary school 26
 
19.4% Middle school 21
 
33.3% High school 36
 
0.9% Some college 1
 
2.8% College degree 3
 
0.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

45.4% Farmer/agriculture 49
 
13.0% Day labourer 14
 
7.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
5.6% Shopkeeper 6
 
4.6% Student 5
 
3.7% Unemployed 4
 
3.7% Mechanic 4
 
0.9% Carpenter 1
 
0.9% Housewife 1
 
24.1% Other 26
 

Urban / Rural

97.2% Rural 105
 
 
2.8% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

38.9% Yes 42
 
 
60.2% No 65

Prior torture

23.1% Yes 25
 
 
15.7% No 17

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.7% Yes 85
 
 
14.8% No 16

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

13.7% Yes 10
 
 
68.5% No 50

Witnesses to abduction

67.6% Yes 73
 
 
4.6% No 5

Victim abduction location

32.4% Victim’s residence 35
 
8.3% Roadside 9
 
7.4% Friend/relative's residence 8
 
7.4% Police station 8
 
5.6% Shop/market 6
 
2.8% Village fields 3
 
1.9% Bus station/stand 2
 
9.3% Other 10
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

57.4% Yes 62
 
 
21.3% No 23

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.0% Gave no response 14
 
7.4% Told family to go to another police station 8
 
6.5% Other 7
 
3.7% Denied involvement 4
 
1.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
1.9% Victim had escaped 2
 
0.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
0.9% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.8% Yes 3
 
 
69.4% No 75

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.7% Extrajudicial executions 98
 
 
9.3% Enforced disappearances 10

Number of victims per family

83.3% 1 victim 90
 
14.8% 2 victim 16
 
1.9% 6 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
99.1% No genuine encounters in family 107

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

41.7% Cremated the body 45
 
5.6% Dumped body in canal or river 6
 

Security forces returned body

7.4% Yes 8
 
0.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
82.4% No 89
 

Condition of corpse, if known

3.7% Other 4
 
3.7% Bullet wounds 4
 
0.9% Bruises 1
 
0.9% Broken bones 1
 
0.9% Cuts/wounds 1
 
0.9% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

51.9% Yes 56
 
 
24.1% No 26

Security forces uniformed

76.7% Yes 56
 
 
15.1% No 11

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.2% Punjab Police 78
 
12.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 13
 
6.5% CRPF 7
 
2.8% Other 3
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

75.0% Punjab police 81
 
20.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 22
 
6.5% CRPF 7
 
2.8% Army 3
 
0.9% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

21.3% Combatant 23
 
 
75.9% Non-combatant 82

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.7% Yes 18
 
 
55.6% No 60

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.3% Yes 10
 
 
7.4% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

19.4% Yes 21
 
 
79.6% No 86

Approached security officials

33.3% Yes 36
 
 
65.7% No 71

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

69.4% Afraid of retaliation 75
 
13.0% Didn’t know what to do 14
 
10.2% Couldn’t afford 11
 
5.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 6
 
4.6% Not applicable 5
 
0.9% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.9% Monetary compensation to family 82
 
66.7% Truth commission 72
 
61.1% Employment 66
 
38.0% Investigations into abuses 41
 
34.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 37
 
25.9% Memorial for victims 28
 
25.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 27
 
10.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 11
 
3.7% Desire nothing from government 4
 
0.9% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Ludhiana 108
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
5.6% 1984 6
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.9% 1986 1
 
4.6% 1987 5
 
1.9% 1988 2
 
1.9% 1989 2
 
0.9% 1990 1
 
11.1% 1991 12
 
30.6% 1992 33
 
27.8% 1993 30
 
3.7% 1994 4
 
3.7% 1995 4
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.4% Date Unknown 8