Nihal Singhwala

District: Moga

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


34 documented cases in Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict

Badhni Kalan, 2 cases
Bhagike, 1
Gajiana, 1
Lopon, 1
Manuke, 3
Nangal, 3
Rania, 2
Raunta, 3
Saidoke, 1

Key statistics for documented cases in Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 34
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

61.8% Not married 21
 
 
38.2% Married 13

If married, did the victim have children?

35.3% Yes 12
 
 
2.9% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 35


Religion

100.0% Sikh 34
 

Caste

58.8% Jat 20
 
 
41.2% Non-Jat 14

Age

5.9% 0-17 2
 
61.8% 18-33 21
 
17.6% 34-49 6
 
8.8% 50-64 3
 
2.9% 65+ 1
 

Education

26.5% No education 9
 
29.4% Primary school 10
 
14.7% Middle school 5
 
26.5% High school 9
 
2.9% Some college 1
 

Employment

41.2% Farmer/agriculture 14
 
17.6% Day labourer 6
 
8.8% Student 3
 
2.9% Unemployed 1
 
44.1% Other 15
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 34
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.9% Yes 18
 
 
47.1% No 16

Prior torture

38.2% Yes 13
 
 
14.7% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.4% Yes 27
 
 
20.6% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

28.6% Yes 6
 
 
71.4% No 15

Witnesses to abduction

61.8% Yes 21
 
 
5.9% No 2

Victim abduction location

14.7% Village fields 5
 
11.8% Victim’s residence 4
 
8.8% Shop/market 3
 
5.9% Bus station/stand 2
 
5.9% Police station 2
 
5.9% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
5.9% Village drain 2
 
2.9% Roadside 1
 
11.8% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

55.9% Yes 19
 
 
23.5% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

8.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
8.8% Gave no response 3
 
8.8% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
5.9% Denied involvement 2
 
2.9% Victim killed by black cats 1
 
2.9% Other 1
 
2.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.9% Yes 1
 
 
76.5% No 26

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

82.4% Extrajudicial executions 28
 
 
17.6% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

91.2% 1 victim 31
 
8.8% 3 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 34

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

20.6% Cremated the body 7
 

Security forces returned body

14.7% Yes 5
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
67.6% No 23
 

Condition of corpse, if known

11.8% Bullet wounds 4
 
2.9% Broken bones 1
 
2.9% Bruises 1
 
2.9% Burn marks 1
 
2.9% Missing fingernails 1
 
2.9% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

41.2% Yes 14
 
 
32.4% No 11

Security forces uniformed

61.9% Yes 13
 
 
19.0% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

79.4% Punjab Police 27
 
2.9% BSF 1
 
2.9% Other 1
 
2.9% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

73.5% Punjab police 25
 
5.9% BSF 2
 
5.9% Other 2
 
5.9% CRPF 2
 
2.9% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

44.1% Combatant 15
 
 
50.0% Non-combatant 17

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.8% Yes 3
 
 
35.3% No 12

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.9% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

14.7% Yes 5
 
 
85.3% No 29

Approached security officials

38.2% Yes 13
 
 
61.8% No 21

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

67.6% Afraid of retaliation 23
 
35.3% Didn’t know what to do 12
 
26.5% Couldn’t afford 9
 
14.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 
2.9% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

97.1% Monetary compensation to family 33
 
85.3% Truth commission 29
 
70.6% Investigations into abuses 24
 
61.8% Employment 21
 
41.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
29.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 10
 
11.8% Memorial for victims 4
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Moga 34
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.9% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.9% 1986 1
 
5.9% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
2.9% 1989 1
 
17.6% 1990 6
 
20.6% 1991 7
 
23.5% 1992 8
 
17.6% 1993 6
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
2.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.9% Date Unknown 1