Moga

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


220 documented cases in Moga District


Key statistics for documented cases in Moga District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.5% Male 219
 
 
0.5% Female 1

Marital status

58.6% Not married 129
 
 
41.4% Married 91

If married, did the victim have children?

33.2% Yes 73
 
 
7.3% No 16


Total children surviving victims: 185


Religion

99.1% Sikh 218
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

67.7% Jat 149
 
 
32.3% Non-Jat 71

Age

8.2% 0-17 18
 
69.5% 18-33 153
 
15.9% 34-49 35
 
4.5% 50-64 10
 
0.9% 65+ 2
 

Education

32.7% No education 72
 
25.5% Primary school 56
 
15.9% Middle school 35
 
19.5% High school 43
 
2.3% Some college 5
 
2.3% College degree 5
 
0.5% Graduate degree 1
 
1.4% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

50.5% Farmer/agriculture 111
 
16.8% Day labourer 37
 
8.2% Student 18
 
5.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 11
 
2.3% Unemployed 5
 
1.8% Mechanic 4
 
1.8% Shopkeeper 4
 
0.5% Housewife 1
 
21.8% Other 48
 

Urban / Rural

98.2% Rural 216
 
 
1.8% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

60.5% Yes 133
 
 
39.5% No 87

Prior torture

48.2% Yes 106
 
 
12.3% No 27

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.0% Yes 176
 
 
20.0% No 44

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.2% Yes 29
 
 
86.9% No 119

Witnesses to abduction

62.3% Yes 137
 
 
5.9% No 13

Victim abduction location

20.9% Victim’s residence 46
 
15.5% Village fields 34
 
9.1% Roadside 20
 
8.6% Shop/market 19
 
4.1% Friend/relative's residence 9
 
4.1% Police station 9
 
2.3% Checkpoint (naka) 5
 
1.8% Bus station/stand 4
 
1.4% Village drain 3
 
7.3% Other 16
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.5% Yes 133
 
 
19.5% No 43

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.4% Gave no response 36
 
7.7% Other 17
 
6.4% Told family to go to another police station 14
 
6.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 14
 
3.2% Victim had escaped 7
 
2.3% Denied involvement 5
 
1.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 3
 
1.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
0.9% Victim killed by militants 2
 
0.5% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
0.5% Admitted custody only 1
 
0.5% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

5.9% Yes 13
 
 
69.5% No 153

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.1% Extrajudicial executions 185
 
 
15.9% Enforced disappearances 35

Number of victims per family

88.2% 1 victim 194
 
7.7% 2 victims 17
 
4.1% 3 victims 9
 

Related incidents

2.3% Genuine encounters in family 5
 
 
97.7% No genuine encounters in family 215

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

20.9% Cremated the body 46
 
0.9% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

12.3% Yes 27
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
70.9% No 156
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.3% Bullet wounds 16
 
4.1% Cuts/wounds 9
 
2.3% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
1.8% Broken bones 4
 
1.4% Bruises 3
 
0.9% Other 2
 
0.9% Burn marks 2
 
0.5% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.7% Yes 116
 
 
24.1% No 53

Security forces uniformed

92.7% Yes 127
 
 
10.2% No 14

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.8% Punjab Police 169
 
6.8% CRPF 15
 
2.3% BSF 5
 
1.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
1.4% Other 3
 
0.5% Black cat 1
 
0.5% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

79.1% Punjab police 174
 
5.0% CRPF 11
 
2.3% BSF 5
 
1.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
1.4% Black cat 3
 
1.4% Other 3
 
0.5% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.3% Combatant 93
 
 
55.9% Non-combatant 123

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.0% Yes 33
 
 
39.1% No 86

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.4% Yes 25
 
 
3.2% No 7

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

18.2% Yes 40
 
 
80.9% No 178

Approached security officials

45.0% Yes 99
 
 
55.0% No 121

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

64.5% Afraid of retaliation 142
 
28.2% Didn’t know what to do 62
 
20.5% Couldn’t afford 45
 
14.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 32
 
1.8% Not applicable 4
 

Remedies desired from government

86.4% Truth commission 190
 
77.3% Monetary compensation to family 170
 
59.1% Employment 130
 
55.5% Investigations into abuses 122
 
34.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 75
 
20.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 44
 
16.8% Desire nothing from government 37
 
16.4% Memorial for victims 36
 
0.9% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Moga 220
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.9% 1982 2
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
4.1% 1984 9
 
0.9% 1985 2
 
2.7% 1986 6
 
11.8% 1987 26
 
6.4% 1988 14
 
11.4% 1989 25
 
7.3% 1990 16
 
14.1% 1991 31
 
22.3% 1992 49
 
12.7% 1993 28
 
1.8% 1994 4
 
1.4% 1995 3
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.5% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.5% 2001 1
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0