Moga

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


249 documented cases in Moga District


Key statistics for documented cases in Moga District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.6% Male 248
 
 
0.4% Female 1

Marital status

59.8% Not married 149
 
 
40.2% Married 100

If married, did the victim have children?

32.5% Yes 81
 
 
6.8% No 17


Total children surviving victims: 205


Religion

99.2% Sikh 247
 
 
0.8% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

68.3% Jat 170
 
 
31.7% Non-Jat 79

Age

7.2% 0-17 18
 
69.9% 18-33 174
 
15.7% 34-49 39
 
4.4% 50-64 11
 
1.6% 65+ 4
 

Education

34.5% No education 86
 
26.1% Primary school 65
 
15.7% Middle school 39
 
17.7% High school 44
 
2.0% Some college 5
 
2.0% College degree 5
 
0.4% Graduate degree 1
 
1.6% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

51.4% Farmer/agriculture 128
 
16.9% Day labourer 42
 
7.2% Student 18
 
5.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 13
 
2.0% Unemployed 5
 
2.0% Shopkeeper 5
 
1.6% Mechanic 4
 
0.4% Housewife 1
 
21.3% Other 53
 

Urban / Rural

96.8% Rural 241
 
 
3.2% Urban 8

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

59.0% Yes 147
 
 
41.0% No 102

Prior torture

47.4% Yes 118
 
 
11.6% No 29

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.1% Yes 197
 
 
20.9% No 52

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.1% Yes 31
 
 
82.5% No 127

Witnesses to abduction

61.8% Yes 154
 
 
5.2% No 13

Victim abduction location

19.3% Victim’s residence 48
 
14.1% Village fields 35
 
10.0% Roadside 25
 
7.6% Shop/market 19
 
5.6% Friend/relative's residence 14
 
3.6% Police station 9
 
2.4% Checkpoint (naka) 6
 
2.0% Bus station/stand 5
 
1.2% Village drain 3
 
6.4% Other 16
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

58.2% Yes 145
 
 
20.9% No 52

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.5% Gave no response 36
 
8.4% Other 21
 
6.8% Told family to go to another police station 17
 
6.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 17
 
4.4% Denied involvement 11
 
2.8% Victim had escaped 7
 
2.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 5
 
1.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 3
 
0.8% Victim killed by militants 2
 
0.4% Admitted custody only 1
 
0.4% Victim killed by black cats 1
 
0.4% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

5.2% Yes 13
 
 
68.7% No 171

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.9% Extrajudicial executions 214
 
 
14.1% Enforced disappearances 35

Number of victims per family

85.9% 1 victim 214
 
8.8% 2 victims 22
 
3.6% 3 victims 9
 
1.6% 4 victims 4
 

Related incidents

2.0% Genuine encounters in family 5
 
 
97.6% No genuine encounters in family 243

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

23.7% Cremated the body 59
 
1.2% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

11.6% Yes 29
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
73.5% No 183
 

Condition of corpse, if known

8.0% Bullet wounds 20
 
3.6% Cuts/wounds 9
 
2.0% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
1.6% Broken bones 4
 
1.2% Bruises 3
 
0.8% Burn marks 2
 
0.8% Other 2
 
0.4% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

51.8% Yes 129
 
 
24.9% No 62

Security forces uniformed

87.7% Yes 135
 
 
9.7% No 15

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

75.1% Punjab Police 187
 
6.0% CRPF 15
 
2.0% BSF 5
 
2.0% Other 5
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
0.4% Army 1
 
0.4% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.1% Punjab police 202
 
5.6% CRPF 14
 
4.0% BSF 10
 
1.6% Black cat 4
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
1.2% Other 3
 
0.4% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.2% Combatant 105
 
 
56.2% Non-combatant 140

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.3% Yes 38
 
 
39.0% No 97

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.6% Yes 29
 
 
3.2% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

18.1% Yes 45
 
 
81.1% No 202

Approached security officials

44.6% Yes 111
 
 
55.4% No 138

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

64.7% Afraid of retaliation 161
 
25.3% Didn’t know what to do 63
 
18.9% Couldn’t afford 47
 
13.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 34
 
2.4% Not applicable 6
 

Remedies desired from government

80.3% Truth commission 200
 
73.5% Monetary compensation to family 183
 
53.8% Employment 134
 
49.8% Investigations into abuses 124
 
31.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 79
 
18.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 47
 
18.1% Desire nothing from government 45
 
16.5% Memorial for victims 41
 
1.6% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 4
 
0.8% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Moga 249
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
1.6% 1982 4
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
4.4% 1984 11
 
0.8% 1985 2
 
2.8% 1986 7
 
12.9% 1987 32
 
5.6% 1988 14
 
11.2% 1989 28
 
8.0% 1990 20
 
14.1% 1991 35
 
20.5% 1992 51
 
12.4% 1993 31
 
1.6% 1994 4
 
1.2% 1995 3
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.4% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.4% 2001 1
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0