Bhagha Purana

District: Moga

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Bhagha Purana Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 91
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.4% Not married 55
 
 
39.6% Married 36

If married, did the victim have children?

30.8% Yes 28
 
 
7.7% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 58


Religion

98.9% Sikh 90
 
 
1.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

67.0% Jat 61
 
 
33.0% Non-Jat 30

Age

8.8% 0-17 8
 
74.7% 18-33 68
 
9.9% 34-49 9
 
2.2% 50-64 2
 
3.3% 65+ 3
 

Education

35.2% No education 32
 
18.7% Primary school 17
 
19.8% Middle school 18
 
16.5% High school 15
 
3.3% Some college 3
 
2.2% College degree 2
 
1.1% Graduate degree 1
 
3.3% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

49.5% Farmer/agriculture 45
 
18.7% Day labourer 17
 
11.0% Student 10
 
6.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
3.3% Unemployed 3
 
2.2% Shopkeeper 2
 
2.2% Mechanic 2
 
13.2% Other 12
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 91
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

63.7% Yes 58
 
 
36.3% No 33

Prior torture

52.7% Yes 48
 
 
11.0% No 10

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.0% Yes 71
 
 
22.0% No 20

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.7% Yes 13
 
 
73.3% No 44

Witnesses to abduction

65.9% Yes 60
 
 
2.2% No 2

Victim abduction location

23.1% Victim’s residence 21
 
14.3% Roadside 13
 
9.9% Shop/market 9
 
9.9% Village fields 9
 
3.3% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
3.3% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
3.3% Police station 3
 
5.5% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

58.2% Yes 53
 
 
19.8% No 18

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Gave no response 13
 
9.9% Other 9
 
7.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
7.7% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
5.5% Denied involvement 5
 
3.3% Victim had escaped 3
 
1.1% Admitted custody only 1
 
1.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
1.1% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.4% Yes 4
 
 
68.1% No 62

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.7% Extrajudicial executions 78
 
 
14.3% Enforced disappearances 13

Number of victims per family

86.8% 1 victim 79
 
8.8% 2 victims 8
 
4.4% 4 victims 4
 

Related incidents

1.1% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.9% No genuine encounters in family 90

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

24.2% Cremated the body 22
 

Security forces returned body

8.8% Yes 8
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
76.9% No 70
 

Condition of corpse, if known

6.6% Bullet wounds 6
 
1.1% Other 1
 
1.1% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

49.5% Yes 45
 
 
25.3% No 23

Security forces uniformed

83.3% Yes 50
 
 
10.0% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

74.7% Punjab Police 68
 
6.6% CRPF 6
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.2% BSF 2
 
1.1% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.3% Punjab police 74
 
5.5% CRPF 5
 
3.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
3.3% Black cat 3
 
2.2% BSF 2
 
1.1% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

49.5% Combatant 45
 
 
50.5% Non-combatant 46

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

17.6% Yes 16
 
 
31.9% No 29

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.2% Yes 12
 
 
4.4% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

23.1% Yes 21
 
 
74.7% No 68

Approached security officials

46.2% Yes 42
 
 
53.8% No 49

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

64.8% Afraid of retaliation 59
 
24.2% Didn’t know what to do 22
 
12.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 11
 
11.0% Couldn’t afford 10
 
2.2% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

76.9% Truth commission 70
 
69.2% Monetary compensation to family 63
 
48.4% Employment 44
 
45.1% Investigations into abuses 41
 
36.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 33
 
17.6% Desire nothing from government 16
 
16.5% Memorial for victims 15
 
11.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
2.2% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 2
 
1.1% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Moga 91
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
2.2% 1982 2
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.2% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.2% 1986 2
 
16.5% 1987 15
 
6.6% 1988 6
 
5.5% 1989 5
 
11.0% 1990 10
 
7.7% 1991 7
 
30.8% 1992 28
 
11.0% 1993 10
 
2.2% 1994 2
 
1.1% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0