Moga

District: Moga

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Moga Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 108
 
 
0.9% Female 1

Marital status

56.9% Not married 62
 
 
43.1% Married 47

If married, did the victim have children?

33.9% Yes 37
 
 
8.3% No 9


Total children surviving victims: 99


Religion

99.1% Sikh 108
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

71.6% Jat 78
 
 
28.4% Non-Jat 31

Age

7.3% 0-17 8
 
67.0% 18-33 73
 
20.2% 34-49 22
 
4.6% 50-64 5
 

Education

35.8% No education 39
 
27.5% Primary school 30
 
14.7% Middle school 16
 
17.4% High school 19
 
0.9% Some college 1
 
2.8% College degree 3
 
0.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

55.0% Farmer/agriculture 60
 
15.6% Day labourer 17
 
4.6% Student 5
 
4.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 5
 
1.8% Mechanic 2
 
1.8% Shopkeeper 2
 
0.9% Unemployed 1
 
0.9% Housewife 1
 
22.0% Other 24
 

Urban / Rural

96.3% Rural 105
 
 
3.7% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

58.7% Yes 64
 
 
41.3% No 45

Prior torture

46.8% Yes 51
 
 
11.9% No 13

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.7% Yes 88
 
 
19.3% No 21

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

17.7% Yes 11
 
 
104.8% No 65

Witnesses to abduction

56.9% Yes 62
 
 
8.3% No 9

Victim abduction location

20.2% Victim’s residence 22
 
19.3% Village fields 21
 
7.3% Roadside 8
 
6.4% Shop/market 7
 
4.6% Friend/relative's residence 5
 
3.7% Police station 4
 
2.8% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
2.8% Bus station/stand 3
 
0.9% Village drain 1
 
6.4% Other 7
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.6% Yes 66
 
 
20.2% No 22

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.3% Gave no response 20
 
8.3% Other 9
 
4.6% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
4.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 5
 
3.7% Victim had escaped 4
 
2.8% Victim accidentally killed in custody 3
 
1.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
0.9% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.9% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
0.9% Denied involvement 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.3% Yes 8
 
 
67.9% No 74

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.3% Extrajudicial executions 93
 
 
14.7% Enforced disappearances 16

Number of victims per family

84.4% 1 victim 92
 
10.1% 2 victims 11
 
5.5% 3 victims 6
 

Related incidents

3.7% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
96.3% No genuine encounters in family 105

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

20.2% Cremated the body 22
 
1.8% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

13.8% Yes 15
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
69.7% No 76
 

Condition of corpse, if known

6.4% Bullet wounds 7
 
6.4% Cuts/wounds 7
 
3.7% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
2.8% Broken bones 3
 
1.8% Bruises 2
 
0.9% Other 1
 
0.9% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

56.9% Yes 62
 
 
22.9% No 25

Security forces uniformed

109.7% Yes 68
 
 
8.1% No 5

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.1% Punjab Police 83
 
7.3% CRPF 8
 
1.8% BSF 2
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 
0.9% Army 1
 
0.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
0.9% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.7% Punjab police 88
 
3.7% CRPF 4
 
2.8% BSF 3
 
0.9% Army 1
 
0.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

35.8% Combatant 39
 
 
62.4% Non-combatant 68

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.6% Yes 17
 
 
45.9% No 50

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.8% Yes 14
 
 
2.8% No 3

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

13.8% Yes 15
 
 
86.2% No 94

Approached security officials

45.9% Yes 50
 
 
54.1% No 59

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

65.1% Afraid of retaliation 71
 
26.6% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
23.9% Couldn’t afford 26
 
15.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 17
 
1.8% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

87.2% Truth commission 95
 
73.4% Monetary compensation to family 80
 
59.6% Employment 65
 
54.1% Investigations into abuses 59
 
32.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 35
 
23.9% Desire nothing from government 26
 
20.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 22
 
16.5% Memorial for victims 18
 
0.9% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Moga 109
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
6.4% 1984 7
 
1.8% 1985 2
 
2.8% 1986 3
 
11.9% 1987 13
 
7.3% 1988 8
 
17.4% 1989 19
 
2.8% 1990 3
 
16.5% 1991 18
 
13.8% 1992 15
 
13.8% 1993 15
 
1.8% 1994 2
 
0.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.9% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.9% 2001 1
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0