Moga

District: Moga

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Moga Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.2% Male 123
 
 
0.8% Female 1

Marital status

58.9% Not married 73
 
 
41.1% Married 51

If married, did the victim have children?

33.1% Yes 41
 
 
7.3% No 9


Total children surviving victims: 112


Religion

99.2% Sikh 123
 
 
0.8% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

71.8% Jat 89
 
 
28.2% Non-Jat 35

Age

6.5% 0-17 8
 
68.5% 18-33 85
 
19.4% 34-49 24
 
4.8% 50-64 6
 

Education

36.3% No education 45
 
30.6% Primary school 38
 
12.9% Middle school 16
 
16.1% High school 20
 
0.8% Some college 1
 
2.4% College degree 3
 
0.8% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

55.6% Farmer/agriculture 69
 
15.3% Day labourer 19
 
5.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 7
 
4.0% Student 5
 
2.4% Shopkeeper 3
 
1.6% Mechanic 2
 
0.8% Unemployed 1
 
0.8% Housewife 1
 
21.0% Other 26
 

Urban / Rural

93.5% Rural 116
 
 
6.5% Urban 8

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

57.3% Yes 71
 
 
42.7% No 53

Prior torture

46.0% Yes 57
 
 
11.3% No 14

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.8% Yes 99
 
 
20.2% No 25

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.4% Yes 12
 
 
93.2% No 68

Witnesses to abduction

58.9% Yes 73
 
 
7.3% No 9

Victim abduction location

18.5% Victim’s residence 23
 
16.9% Village fields 21
 
8.9% Roadside 11
 
7.3% Friend/relative's residence 9
 
5.6% Shop/market 7
 
3.2% Police station 4
 
2.4% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
2.4% Bus station/stand 3
 
0.8% Village drain 1
 
5.6% Other 7
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

58.9% Yes 73
 
 
21.0% No 26

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

16.1% Gave no response 20
 
8.9% Other 11
 
5.6% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
5.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
3.2% Denied involvement 4
 
3.2% Victim had escaped 4
 
2.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 3
 
2.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
0.8% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.8% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.5% Yes 8
 
 
66.9% No 83

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

87.1% Extrajudicial executions 108
 
 
12.9% Enforced disappearances 16

Number of victims per family

83.9% 1 victim 104
 
11.3% 2 victim 14
 
4.8% 3 victim 6
 

Related incidents

3.2% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
96.0% No genuine encounters in family 119

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

24.2% Cremated the body 30
 
2.4% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

12.9% Yes 16
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
72.6% No 90
 

Condition of corpse, if known

8.1% Bullet wounds 10
 
5.6% Cuts/wounds 7
 
3.2% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
2.4% Broken bones 3
 
1.6% Bruises 2
 
0.8% Other 1
 
0.8% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

59.7% Yes 74
 
 
22.6% No 28

Security forces uniformed

98.6% Yes 72
 
 
6.8% No 5

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

74.2% Punjab Police 92
 
6.5% CRPF 8
 
2.4% Other 3
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
1.6% BSF 2
 
0.8% Army 1
 
0.8% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

83.9% Punjab police 104
 
6.5% CRPF 8
 
4.8% BSF 6
 
0.8% Army 1
 
0.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

36.3% Combatant 45
 
 
62.1% Non-combatant 77

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.3% Yes 19
 
 
45.2% No 56

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.1% Yes 15
 
 
3.2% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

15.3% Yes 19
 
 
84.7% No 105

Approached security officials

45.2% Yes 56
 
 
54.8% No 68

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

63.7% Afraid of retaliation 79
 
23.4% Didn’t know what to do 29
 
22.6% Couldn’t afford 28
 
14.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 18
 
2.4% Not applicable 3
 

Remedies desired from government

81.5% Truth commission 101
 
70.2% Monetary compensation to family 87
 
55.6% Employment 69
 
47.6% Investigations into abuses 59
 
29.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 36
 
23.4% Desire nothing from government 29
 
18.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 23
 
17.7% Memorial for victims 22
 
1.6% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 2
 
0.8% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Moga 124
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
1.6% 1982 2
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
6.5% 1984 8
 
1.6% 1985 2
 
3.2% 1986 4
 
12.1% 1987 15
 
6.5% 1988 8
 
17.7% 1989 22
 
3.2% 1990 4
 
16.9% 1991 21
 
12.1% 1992 15
 
12.1% 1993 15
 
1.6% 1994 2
 
0.8% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.8% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.8% 2001 1
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.4% Date Unknown 3