Zira

District: Firozpur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Zira Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.8% Male 136
 
 
4.2% Female 6

Marital status

59.9% Not married 85
 
 
40.1% Married 57

If married, did the victim have children?

35.9% Yes 51
 
 
4.2% No 6


Total children surviving victims: 143


Religion

98.6% Sikh 140
 
 
1.4% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

76.1% Jat 108
 
 
23.9% Non-Jat 34

Age

7.7% 0-17 11
 
69.0% 18-33 98
 
16.9% 34-49 24
 
3.5% 50-64 5
 
2.8% 65+ 4
 

Education

35.9% No education 51
 
20.4% Primary school 29
 
14.1% Middle school 20
 
26.1% High school 37
 
2.1% Some college 3
 
0.7% College degree 1
 
0.7% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

53.5% Farmer/agriculture 76
 
13.4% Day labourer 19
 
9.2% Student 13
 
6.3% Mechanic 9
 
3.5% Housewife 5
 
1.4% Unemployed 2
 
0.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
0.7% Carpenter 1
 
0.7% Shopkeeper 1
 
12.7% Other 18
 

Urban / Rural

97.9% Rural 139
 
 
2.1% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

42.3% Yes 60
 
 
57.7% No 82

Prior torture

37.3% Yes 53
 
 
4.9% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

68.3% Yes 97
 
 
30.3% No 43

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.8% Yes 16
 
 
75.3% No 58

Witnesses to abduction

54.2% Yes 77
 
 
5.6% No 8

Victim abduction location

17.6% Friend/relative's residence 25
 
11.3% Victim’s residence 16
 
9.9% Roadside 14
 
9.2% Village fields 13
 
3.5% Checkpoint (naka) 5
 
2.8% Bus station/stand 4
 
2.8% Police station 4
 
1.4% Shop/market 2
 
6.3% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.7% Yes 72
 
 
17.6% No 25

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.4% Gave no response 19
 
10.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 15
 
4.2% Denied involvement 6
 
4.2% Other 6
 
3.5% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
2.1% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 3
 
1.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
1.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 2
 
0.7% Victim had escaped 1
 
0.7% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.0% Yes 10
 
 
55.6% No 79

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

92.3% Extrajudicial executions 131
 
 
7.7% Enforced disappearances 11

Number of victims per family

78.2% 1 victim 111
 
16.2% 2 victims 23
 
0.7% 3 victims 1
 
4.9% 7 victims 7
 

Related incidents

1.4% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
98.6% No genuine encounters in family 140

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

30.3% Cremated the body 43
 
0.7% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

29.6% Yes 42
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
62.7% No 89
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.5% Bullet wounds 32
 
9.2% Cuts/wounds 13
 
9.2% Burn marks 13
 
8.5% Broken bones 12
 
7.0% Missing hair from head or face 10
 
7.0% Bruises 10
 
4.9% Missing fingernails 7
 
3.5% Other 5
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

58.5% Yes 83
 
 
17.6% No 25

Security forces uniformed

98.7% Yes 76
 
 
3.9% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.2% Punjab Police 94
 
5.6% CRPF 8
 
1.4% BSF 2
 
0.7% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

86.6% Punjab police 123
 
13.4% CRPF 19
 
2.8% BSF 4
 
2.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
0.7% Army 1
 
0.7% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

36.6% Combatant 52
 
 
61.3% Non-combatant 87

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.0% Yes 17
 
 
47.9% No 68

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.9% Yes 7
 
 
5.6% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.0% Yes 17
 
 
88.0% No 125

Approached security officials

39.4% Yes 56
 
 
60.6% No 86

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

72.5% Afraid of retaliation 103
 
33.1% Didn’t know what to do 47
 
25.4% Couldn’t afford 36
 
15.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 22
 
2.8% Not applicable 4
 

Remedies desired from government

85.2% Truth commission 121
 
76.8% Employment 109
 
76.1% Monetary compensation to family 108
 
49.3% Investigations into abuses 70
 
38.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 55
 
33.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 48
 
11.3% Memorial for victims 16
 
2.1% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 3
 
1.4% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Firozpur 142
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.7% 1984 1
 
0.7% 1985 1
 
0.7% 1986 1
 
6.3% 1987 9
 
7.7% 1988 11
 
6.3% 1989 9
 
16.2% 1990 23
 
32.4% 1991 46
 
17.6% 1992 25
 
5.6% 1993 8
 
2.8% 1994 4
 
0.7% 1995 1
 
1.4% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.7% 2000 1
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0