Zira

District: Firozpur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Zira Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.7% Male 135
 
 
4.3% Female 6

Marital status

60.3% Not married 85
 
 
39.7% Married 56

If married, did the victim have children?

35.5% Yes 50
 
 
4.3% No 6


Total children surviving victims: 140


Religion

98.6% Sikh 139
 
 
1.4% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

76.6% Jat 108
 
 
23.4% Non-Jat 33

Age

7.8% 0-17 11
 
68.8% 18-33 97
 
17.0% 34-49 24
 
3.5% 50-64 5
 
2.8% 65+ 4
 

Education

36.2% No education 51
 
20.6% Primary school 29
 
14.2% Middle school 20
 
25.5% High school 36
 
2.1% Some college 3
 
0.7% College degree 1
 
0.7% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

53.9% Farmer/agriculture 76
 
13.5% Day labourer 19
 
9.2% Student 13
 
5.7% Mechanic 8
 
3.5% Housewife 5
 
1.4% Unemployed 2
 
0.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
0.7% Carpenter 1
 
0.7% Shopkeeper 1
 
12.8% Other 18
 

Urban / Rural

98.6% Rural 139
 
 
1.4% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

41.8% Yes 59
 
 
58.2% No 82

Prior torture

37.6% Yes 53
 
 
4.3% No 6

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

68.1% Yes 96
 
 
30.5% No 43

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.1% Yes 16
 
 
75.0% No 57

Witnesses to abduction

53.9% Yes 76
 
 
5.7% No 8

Victim abduction location

17.7% Friend/relative's residence 25
 
11.3% Victim’s residence 16
 
9.9% Roadside 14
 
9.2% Village fields 13
 
2.8% Police station 4
 
2.8% Checkpoint (naka) 4
 
2.8% Bus station/stand 4
 
1.4% Shop/market 2
 
6.4% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.4% Yes 71
 
 
17.7% No 25

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.5% Gave no response 19
 
10.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 15
 
4.3% Other 6
 
3.5% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
3.5% Denied involvement 5
 
2.1% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 3
 
1.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 2
 
1.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
0.7% Victim had escaped 1
 
0.7% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.4% Yes 9
 
 
56.0% No 79

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

92.2% Extrajudicial executions 130
 
 
7.8% Enforced disappearances 11

Number of victims per family

78.0% 1 victim 110
 
16.3% 2 victim 23
 
0.7% 3 victim 1
 
5.0% 7 victim 7
 

Related incidents

1.4% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
98.6% No genuine encounters in family 139

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

30.5% Cremated the body 43
 
0.7% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

29.8% Yes 42
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
62.4% No 88
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.7% Bullet wounds 32
 
9.2% Cuts/wounds 13
 
9.2% Burn marks 13
 
8.5% Broken bones 12
 
7.1% Bruises 10
 
7.1% Missing hair from head or face 10
 
5.0% Missing fingernails 7
 
3.5% Other 5
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

58.9% Yes 83
 
 
17.0% No 24

Security forces uniformed

98.7% Yes 75
 
 
3.9% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.7% Punjab Police 94
 
5.7% CRPF 8
 
1.4% BSF 2
 
0.7% Other 1
 
0.7% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

86.5% Punjab police 122
 
13.5% CRPF 19
 
5.7% Army 8
 
2.8% BSF 4
 
1.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
0.7% Other 1
 
0.7% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

36.9% Combatant 52
 
 
61.0% Non-combatant 86

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.1% Yes 17
 
 
47.5% No 67

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.0% Yes 7
 
 
5.7% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.1% Yes 17
 
 
87.9% No 124

Approached security officials

39.0% Yes 55
 
 
61.0% No 86

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

72.3% Afraid of retaliation 102
 
33.3% Didn’t know what to do 47
 
25.5% Couldn’t afford 36
 
15.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 22
 
2.8% Not applicable 4
 

Remedies desired from government

85.8% Truth commission 121
 
76.6% Employment 108
 
75.9% Monetary compensation to family 107
 
49.6% Investigations into abuses 70
 
39.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 55
 
33.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 47
 
11.3% Memorial for victims 16
 
2.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
1.4% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Firozpur 141
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.7% 1984 1
 
0.7% 1985 1
 
0.7% 1986 1
 
6.4% 1987 9
 
7.8% 1988 11
 
6.4% 1989 9
 
16.3% 1990 23
 
32.6% 1991 46
 
17.7% 1992 25
 
5.0% 1993 7
 
2.8% 1994 4
 
0.7% 1995 1
 
1.4% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.7% 2000 1
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0