Firozpur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Firozpur District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.5% Male 307
 
 
2.5% Female 8

Marital status

51.7% Not married 163
 
 
47.9% Married 151

If married, did the victim have children?

41.6% Yes 131
 
 
6.0% No 19


Total children surviving victims: 422


Religion

97.8% Sikh 308
 
 
2.2% Non-Sikh 7

Caste

71.7% Jat 226
 
 
28.3% Non-Jat 89

Age

7.3% 0-17 23
 
64.8% 18-33 204
 
19.7% 34-49 62
 
4.1% 50-64 13
 
2.5% 65+ 8
 

Education

38.1% No education 120
 
19.7% Primary school 62
 
13.7% Middle school 43
 
23.2% High school 73
 
2.5% Some college 8
 
1.3% College degree 4
 
0.6% Graduate degree 2
 
0.6% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

55.2% Farmer/agriculture 174
 
12.7% Day labourer 40
 
7.0% Student 22
 
3.5% Mechanic 11
 
2.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
2.2% Housewife 7
 
1.6% Unemployed 5
 
0.6% Carpenter 2
 
0.6% Shopkeeper 2
 
16.5% Other 52
 

Urban / Rural

95.6% Rural 301
 
 
4.4% Urban 14

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

46.0% Yes 145
 
 
53.7% No 169

Prior torture

39.0% Yes 123
 
 
7.0% No 22

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

68.3% Yes 215
 
 
29.8% No 94

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

23.7% Yes 40
 
 
72.2% No 122

Witnesses to abduction

53.7% Yes 169
 
 
6.3% No 20

Victim abduction location

18.4% Victim’s residence 58
 
15.6% Friend/relative's residence 49
 
8.9% Roadside 28
 
6.7% Village fields 21
 
3.5% Checkpoint (naka) 11
 
3.2% Bus station/stand 10
 
1.9% Police station 6
 
1.3% Shop/market 4
 
0.3% Village drain 1
 
5.1% Other 16
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

49.2% Yes 155
 
 
19.0% No 60

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.0% Gave no response 44
 
7.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 24
 
6.7% Other 21
 
5.1% Denied involvement 16
 
3.5% Told family to go to another police station 11
 
1.0% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 3
 
1.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
1.0% Victim had escaped 3
 
1.0% Admitted custody only 3
 
0.6% Victim accidentally killed in custody 2
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.3% Victim killed while resisting arrest/search 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.7% Yes 21
 
 
55.6% No 175

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

92.1% Extrajudicial executions 290
 
 
7.9% Enforced disappearances 25

Number of victims per family

82.2% 1 victim 259
 
13.3% 2 victims 42
 
2.2% 3 victims 7
 
2.2% 7 victims 7
 

Related incidents

3.8% Genuine encounters in family 12
 
 
96.2% No genuine encounters in family 303

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

32.7% Cremated the body 103
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 5
 
0.6% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 

Security forces returned body

22.2% Yes 70
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
68.9% No 217
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.6% Bullet wounds 49
 
6.7% Cuts/wounds 21
 
6.3% Bruises 20
 
5.7% Broken bones 18
 
4.4% Other 14
 
4.4% Burn marks 14
 
4.1% Missing hair from head or face 13
 
2.9% Missing fingernails 9
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.8% Yes 182
 
 
19.7% No 62

Security forces uniformed

97.0% Yes 164
 
 
5.9% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

64.8% Punjab Police 204
 
7.3% CRPF 23
 
1.9% BSF 6
 
1.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
1.3% Other 4
 
0.6% Black cat 2
 
0.6% Army 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

84.8% Punjab police 267
 
14.9% CRPF 47
 
5.1% BSF 16
 
2.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 8
 
1.6% Army 5
 
1.0% Black cat 3
 
0.6% Other 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.0% Combatant 107
 
 
64.4% Non-combatant 203

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

13.3% Yes 42
 
 
49.2% No 155

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.6% Yes 27
 
 
4.1% No 13

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

17.8% Yes 56
 
 
82.2% No 259

Approached security officials

38.7% Yes 122
 
 
61.3% No 193

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

64.1% Afraid of retaliation 202
 
27.0% Didn’t know what to do 85
 
19.0% Couldn’t afford 60
 
17.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 56
 
6.0% Not applicable 19
 
0.6% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

84.1% Truth commission 265
 
75.2% Monetary compensation to family 237
 
70.8% Employment 223
 
48.3% Investigations into abuses 152
 
40.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 128
 
34.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 108
 
14.0% Memorial for victims 44
 
6.0% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 19
 
2.2% Desire nothing from government 7
 
0.6% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Firozpur 315
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.3% 1983 1
 
2.9% 1984 9
 
0.6% 1985 2
 
1.6% 1986 5
 
6.3% 1987 20
 
6.3% 1988 20
 
9.8% 1989 31
 
15.2% 1990 48
 
26.0% 1991 82
 
17.1% 1992 54
 
6.7% 1993 21
 
1.9% 1994 6
 
1.0% 1995 3
 
1.3% 1996 4
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.3% 1998 1
 
0.3% 1999 1
 
0.3% 2000 1
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0