Firozpur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Firozpur District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.4% Male 304
 
 
2.6% Female 8

Marital status

51.6% Not married 161
 
 
48.1% Married 150

If married, did the victim have children?

41.7% Yes 130
 
 
6.1% No 19


Total children surviving victims: 419


Religion

97.8% Sikh 305
 
 
2.2% Non-Sikh 7

Caste

71.8% Jat 224
 
 
28.2% Non-Jat 88

Age

7.1% 0-17 22
 
64.7% 18-33 202
 
19.9% 34-49 62
 
4.2% 50-64 13
 
2.6% 65+ 8
 

Education

38.5% No education 120
 
19.2% Primary school 60
 
13.8% Middle school 43
 
23.1% High school 72
 
2.6% Some college 8
 
1.3% College degree 4
 
0.6% Graduate degree 2
 
0.6% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

55.4% Farmer/agriculture 173
 
12.8% Day labourer 40
 
7.1% Student 22
 
3.2% Mechanic 10
 
2.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 8
 
2.2% Housewife 7
 
1.6% Unemployed 5
 
0.6% Carpenter 2
 
0.6% Shopkeeper 2
 
16.3% Other 51
 

Urban / Rural

95.8% Rural 299
 
 
4.2% Urban 13

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

46.2% Yes 144
 
 
53.5% No 167

Prior torture

39.4% Yes 123
 
 
6.7% No 21

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

67.9% Yes 212
 
 
30.1% No 94

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

24.0% Yes 40
 
 
71.9% No 120

Witnesses to abduction

53.5% Yes 167
 
 
6.4% No 20

Victim abduction location

18.6% Victim’s residence 58
 
15.1% Friend/relative's residence 47
 
9.0% Roadside 28
 
6.7% Village fields 21
 
3.2% Checkpoint (naka) 10
 
3.2% Bus station/stand 10
 
1.9% Police station 6
 
1.3% Shop/market 4
 
0.3% Village drain 1
 
5.1% Other 16
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

48.7% Yes 152
 
 
19.2% No 60

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.1% Gave no response 44
 
7.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 24
 
6.7% Other 21
 
4.8% Denied involvement 15
 
3.5% Told family to go to another police station 11
 
1.0% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 3
 
1.0% Victim had escaped 3
 
1.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
1.0% Admitted custody only 3
 
0.6% Victim accidentally killed in custody 2
 
0.3% Victim killed while resisting arrest/search 1
 
0.3% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.7% Yes 21
 
 
55.4% No 173

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

92.0% Extrajudicial executions 287
 
 
8.0% Enforced disappearances 25

Number of victims per family

82.1% 1 victim 256
 
13.5% 2 victim 42
 
2.2% 3 victim 7
 
2.2% 7 victim 7
 

Related incidents

3.8% Genuine encounters in family 12
 
 
96.2% No genuine encounters in family 300

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

32.4% Cremated the body 101
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 5
 
0.6% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 

Security forces returned body

22.4% Yes 70
 
0.6% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
68.6% No 214
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.7% Bullet wounds 49
 
6.7% Cuts/wounds 21
 
6.4% Bruises 20
 
5.8% Broken bones 18
 
4.5% Other 14
 
4.5% Burn marks 14
 
4.2% Missing hair from head or face 13
 
2.9% Missing fingernails 9
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

58.3% Yes 182
 
 
18.9% No 59

Security forces uniformed

97.0% Yes 162
 
 
6.0% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

64.7% Punjab Police 202
 
7.1% CRPF 22
 
1.9% BSF 6
 
1.3% Other 4
 
1.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
1.0% Black cat 3
 
0.6% Army 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

84.6% Punjab police 264
 
15.1% CRPF 47
 
5.1% BSF 16
 
3.8% Army 12
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
1.3% Black cat 4
 
0.6% Other 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.3% Combatant 107
 
 
64.1% Non-combatant 200

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

13.1% Yes 41
 
 
49.0% No 153

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.3% Yes 26
 
 
4.2% No 13

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

17.9% Yes 56
 
 
82.1% No 256

Approached security officials

38.8% Yes 121
 
 
61.2% No 191

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

63.8% Afraid of retaliation 199
 
27.2% Didn’t know what to do 85
 
19.2% Couldn’t afford 60
 
17.9% Believed it would have been ineffective 56
 
6.1% Not applicable 19
 
0.6% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

84.3% Truth commission 263
 
75.0% Monetary compensation to family 234
 
70.8% Employment 221
 
48.4% Investigations into abuses 151
 
40.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 126
 
34.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 108
 
13.8% Memorial for victims 43
 
6.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 19
 
2.2% Desire nothing from government 7
 
0.6% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Firozpur 312
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.3% 1983 1
 
2.9% 1984 9
 
0.6% 1985 2
 
1.6% 1986 5
 
6.4% 1987 20
 
6.4% 1988 20
 
9.6% 1989 30
 
15.4% 1990 48
 
26.0% 1991 81
 
17.3% 1992 54
 
6.4% 1993 20
 
1.9% 1994 6
 
1.0% 1995 3
 
1.3% 1996 4
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.3% 1998 1
 
0.3% 1999 1
 
0.3% 2000 1
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
1.9% Date Unknown 6