Firozpur

District: Firozpur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Firozpur Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.3% Male 141
 
 
0.7% Female 1

Marital status

45.1% Not married 64
 
 
54.2% Married 77

If married, did the victim have children?

45.1% Yes 64
 
 
8.5% No 12


Total children surviving victims: 220


Religion

97.2% Sikh 138
 
 
2.8% Non-Sikh 4

Caste

71.1% Jat 101
 
 
28.9% Non-Jat 41

Age

6.3% 0-17 9
 
62.0% 18-33 88
 
21.8% 34-49 31
 
3.5% 50-64 5
 
2.8% 65+ 4
 

Education

40.8% No education 58
 
18.3% Primary school 26
 
12.0% Middle school 17
 
21.1% High school 30
 
2.8% Some college 4
 
2.1% College degree 3
 
1.4% Graduate degree 2
 
0.7% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

56.3% Farmer/agriculture 80
 
9.9% Day labourer 14
 
6.3% Student 9
 
4.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 7
 
2.1% Unemployed 3
 
1.4% Mechanic 2
 
0.7% Carpenter 1
 
0.7% Shopkeeper 1
 
0.7% Housewife 1
 
19.0% Other 27
 

Urban / Rural

95.1% Rural 135
 
 
4.9% Urban 7

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 71
 
 
49.3% No 70

Prior torture

41.5% Yes 59
 
 
8.5% No 12

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

67.6% Yes 96
 
 
30.3% No 43

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.7% Yes 19
 
 
68.9% No 51

Witnesses to abduction

52.1% Yes 74
 
 
7.0% No 10

Victim abduction location

23.9% Victim’s residence 34
 
13.4% Friend/relative's residence 19
 
8.5% Roadside 12
 
5.6% Village fields 8
 
3.5% Checkpoint (naka) 5
 
1.4% Bus station/stand 2
 
1.4% Shop/market 2
 
0.7% Village drain 1
 
0.7% Police station 1
 
4.2% Other 6
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

45.8% Yes 65
 
 
21.8% No 31

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.1% Gave no response 20
 
9.9% Other 14
 
7.0% Denied involvement 10
 
4.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
3.5% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
1.4% Victim had escaped 2
 
1.4% Admitted custody only 2
 
0.7% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
0.7% Victim killed while resisting arrest/search 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.7% Yes 11
 
 
52.8% No 75

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.5% Extrajudicial executions 130
 
 
8.5% Enforced disappearances 12

Number of victims per family

88.0% 1 victim 125
 
7.7% 2 victims 11
 
4.2% 3 victims 6
 

Related incidents

5.6% Genuine encounters in family 8
 
 
94.4% No genuine encounters in family 134

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

36.6% Cremated the body 52
 
2.8% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 
1.4% Dumped body in well or drain 2
 

Security forces returned body

16.9% Yes 24
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
73.9% No 105
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.9% Bullet wounds 14
 
5.6% Other 8
 
5.6% Bruises 8
 
5.6% Cuts/wounds 8
 
4.2% Broken bones 6
 
2.1% Missing hair from head or face 3
 
1.4% Missing fingernails 2
 
0.7% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

55.6% Yes 79
 
 
21.8% No 31

Security forces uniformed

97.3% Yes 72
 
 
5.4% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

62.7% Punjab Police 89
 
9.9% CRPF 14
 
2.8% BSF 4
 
2.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 4
 
2.1% Other 3
 
1.4% Army 2
 
0.7% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

83.1% Punjab police 118
 
16.9% CRPF 24
 
7.7% BSF 11
 
3.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
2.1% Army 3
 
2.1% Black cat 3
 
0.7% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

35.9% Combatant 51
 
 
62.7% Non-combatant 89

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.8% Yes 21
 
 
45.8% No 65

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.0% Yes 17
 
 
2.8% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.8% Yes 31
 
 
78.2% No 111

Approached security officials

40.1% Yes 57
 
 
59.9% No 85

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

54.2% Afraid of retaliation 77
 
23.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 33
 
19.7% Didn’t know what to do 28
 
13.4% Couldn’t afford 19
 
10.6% Not applicable 15
 
1.4% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

83.8% Truth commission 119
 
73.2% Monetary compensation to family 104
 
61.3% Employment 87
 
52.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 75
 
47.9% Investigations into abuses 68
 
32.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 46
 
19.0% Memorial for victims 27
 
7.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 11
 
2.8% Desire nothing from government 4
 
1.4% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Firozpur 142
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.7% 1983 1
 
2.8% 1984 4
 
0.7% 1985 1
 
2.8% 1986 4
 
5.6% 1987 8
 
4.2% 1988 6
 
14.8% 1989 21
 
14.8% 1990 21
 
22.5% 1991 32
 
14.1% 1992 20
 
7.7% 1993 11
 
1.4% 1994 2
 
1.4% 1995 2
 
1.4% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.7% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0