Jalalabad

District: Firozpur

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Jalalabad Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

94.4% Male 17
 
 
5.6% Female 1

Marital status

38.9% Not married 7
 
 
61.1% Married 11

If married, did the victim have children?

55.6% Yes 10
 
 
5.6% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 35


Religion

100.0% Sikh 18
 

Caste

61.1% Jat 11
 
 
38.9% Non-Jat 7

Age

5.6% 0-17 1
 
61.1% 18-33 11
 
22.2% 34-49 4
 
11.1% 50-64 2
 

Education

38.9% No education 7
 
11.1% Primary school 2
 
22.2% Middle school 4
 
27.8% High school 5
 

Employment

61.1% Farmer/agriculture 11
 
22.2% Day labourer 4
 
5.6% Housewife 1
 
22.2% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

77.8% Rural 14
 
 
22.2% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

55.6% Yes 10
 
 
44.4% No 8

Prior torture

44.4% Yes 8
 
 
11.1% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

72.2% Yes 13
 
 
22.2% No 4

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.2% Yes 2
 
 
100.0% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

50.0% Yes 9
 
 
11.1% No 2

Victim abduction location

22.2% Victim’s residence 4
 
16.7% Bus station/stand 3
 
11.1% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
5.6% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
5.6% Roadside 1
 
5.6% Police station 1
 
5.6% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

61.1% Yes 11
 
 
11.1% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

22.2% Gave no response 4
 
11.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
5.6% Other 1
 
5.6% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
5.6% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

5.6% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 12

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

88.9% Extrajudicial executions 16
 
 
11.1% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

66.7% 1 victim 12
 
33.3% 2 victims 6
 

Related incidents

11.1% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
88.9% No genuine encounters in family 16

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

27.8% Cremated the body 5
 

Security forces returned body

11.1% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
77.8% No 14
 

Condition of corpse, if known

5.6% Other 1
 
5.6% Bruises 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

55.6% Yes 10
 
 
16.7% No 3

Security forces uniformed

88.9% Yes 8
 
 
33.3% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.7% Punjab Police 12
 
5.6% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

77.8% Punjab police 14
 
16.7% CRPF 3
 
5.6% Army 1
 
5.6% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

16.7% Combatant 3
 
 
83.3% Non-combatant 15

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.7% Yes 3
 
 
66.7% No 12

If provided support, support was voluntary

16.7% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

27.8% Yes 5
 
 
72.2% No 13

Approached security officials

44.4% Yes 8
 
 
55.6% No 10

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.7% Afraid of retaliation 12
 
27.8% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
27.8% Couldn’t afford 5
 
5.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

94.4% Employment 17
 
88.9% Truth commission 16
 
72.2% Monetary compensation to family 13
 
44.4% Investigations into abuses 8
 
38.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
27.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 5
 
22.2% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 4
 
5.6% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Firozpur 18
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
11.1% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
11.1% 1987 2
 
5.6% 1988 1
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
16.7% 1990 3
 
11.1% 1991 2
 
27.8% 1992 5
 
11.1% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
5.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0