Samana

District: Patiala

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Samana Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

93.0% Male 40
 
 
7.0% Female 3

Marital status

37.2% Not married 16
 
 
62.8% Married 27

If married, did the victim have children?

58.1% Yes 25
 
 
2.3% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 73


Religion

100.0% Sikh 43
 

Caste

62.8% Jat 27
 
 
37.2% Non-Jat 16

Age

14.0% 0-17 6
 
53.5% 18-33 23
 
20.9% 34-49 9
 
9.3% 50-64 4
 
2.3% 65+ 1
 

Education

25.6% No education 11
 
16.3% Primary school 7
 
11.6% Middle school 5
 
34.9% High school 15
 
4.7% Some college 2
 
7.0% College degree 3
 

Employment

41.9% Farmer/agriculture 18
 
14.0% Day labourer 6
 
11.6% Student 5
 
7.0% Housewife 3
 
2.3% Mechanic 1
 
2.3% Carpenter 1
 
27.9% Other 12
 

Urban / Rural

90.7% Rural 39
 
 
9.3% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
48.8% No 21

Prior torture

41.9% Yes 18
 
 
9.3% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.1% Yes 34
 
 
18.6% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

13.6% Yes 3
 
 
77.3% No 17

Witnesses to abduction

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
4.7% No 2

Victim abduction location

14.0% Roadside 6
 
11.6% Victim’s residence 5
 
11.6% Village fields 5
 
9.3% Police station 4
 
4.7% Shop/market 2
 
4.7% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
4.7% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
2.3% Bus station/stand 1
 
11.6% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

41.9% Yes 18
 
 
37.2% No 16

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

25.6% Denied involvement 11
 
14.0% Told family to go to another police station 6
 
14.0% Gave no response 6
 
4.7% Victim had escaped 2
 
4.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
4.7% Other 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
72.1% No 31

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

60.5% Extrajudicial executions 26
 
 
39.5% Enforced disappearances 17

Number of victims per family

67.4% 1 victim 29
 
20.9% 2 victim 9
 
9.3% 3 victim 4
 
2.3% 4 victim 1
 

Related incidents

9.3% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
88.4% No genuine encounters in family 38

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.3% Cremated the body 7
 
4.7% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

11.6% Yes 5
 
7.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 3
 
41.9% No 18
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.3% Bullet wounds 4
 
7.0% Cuts/wounds 3
 
4.7% Other 2
 
2.3% Bruises 1
 
2.3% Burn marks 1
 
2.3% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
18.6% No 8

Security forces uniformed

90.9% Yes 20
 
 
27.3% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

65.1% Punjab Police 28
 
16.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
2.3% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

41.9% Punjab police 18
 
16.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 7
 
2.3% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

23.3% Combatant 10
 
 
74.4% Non-combatant 32

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.0% Yes 6
 
 
60.5% No 26

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.7% Yes 2
 
 
9.3% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

23.3% Yes 10
 
 
76.7% No 33

Approached security officials

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
48.8% No 21

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

74.4% Afraid of retaliation 32
 
32.6% Couldn’t afford 14
 
32.6% Didn’t know what to do 14
 
7.0% Not applicable 3
 
2.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

81.4% Employment 35
 
79.1% Monetary compensation to family 34
 
69.8% Truth commission 30
 
53.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 23
 
41.9% Investigations into abuses 18
 
23.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
23.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 10
 
18.6% Memorial for victims 8
 
4.7% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Patiala 43
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.3% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
2.3% 1988 1
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
4.7% 1990 2
 
20.9% 1991 9
 
30.2% 1992 13
 
20.9% 1993 9
 
7.0% 1994 3
 
4.7% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.0% Date Unknown 3