Patiala

District: Patiala

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Patiala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

92.7% Male 38
 
 
7.3% Female 3

Marital status

31.7% Not married 13
 
 
68.3% Married 28

If married, did the victim have children?

61.0% Yes 25
 
 
7.3% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 64


Religion

100.0% Sikh 41
 

Caste

70.7% Jat 29
 
 
29.3% Non-Jat 12

Age

2.4% 0-17 1
 
78.0% 18-33 32
 
4.9% 34-49 2
 
9.8% 50-64 4
 
2.4% 65+ 1
 

Education

31.7% No education 13
 
4.9% Primary school 2
 
12.2% Middle school 5
 
36.6% High school 15
 
2.4% Some college 1
 
7.3% College degree 3
 
4.9% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

31.7% Farmer/agriculture 13
 
14.6% Student 6
 
14.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
7.3% Day labourer 3
 
7.3% Housewife 3
 
4.9% Unemployed 2
 
24.4% Other 10
 

Urban / Rural

78.0% Rural 32
 
 
22.0% Urban 9

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

58.5% Yes 24
 
 
41.5% No 17

Prior torture

58.5% Yes 24
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.0% Yes 32
 
 
22.0% No 9

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

14.3% Yes 3
 
 
76.2% No 16

Witnesses to abduction

51.2% Yes 21
 
 
12.2% No 5

Victim abduction location

24.4% Victim’s residence 10
 
14.6% Roadside 6
 
7.3% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
4.9% Bus station/stand 2
 
2.4% Police station 1
 
2.4% Shop/market 1
 
12.2% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

41.5% Yes 17
 
 
36.6% No 15

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.5% Gave no response 8
 
12.2% Denied involvement 5
 
9.8% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
9.8% Other 4
 
7.3% Victim had escaped 3
 
2.4% Victim killed by militants 1
 
2.4% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

14.6% Yes 6
 
 
56.1% No 23

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

70.7% Extrajudicial executions 29
 
 
29.3% Enforced disappearances 12

Number of victims per family

63.4% 1 victim 26
 
17.1% 2 victims 7
 
4.9% 3 victims 2
 
14.6% 4 victims 6
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 41

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

9.8% Cremated the body 4
 
2.4% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

24.4% Yes 10
 
2.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
43.9% No 18
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.2% Bullet wounds 5
 
9.8% Bruises 4
 
7.3% Other 3
 
7.3% Burn marks 3
 
7.3% Cuts/wounds 3
 
2.4% Broken bones 1
 
2.4% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.4% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

53.7% Yes 22
 
 
17.1% No 7

Security forces uniformed

76.2% Yes 16
 
 
23.8% No 5

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

61.0% Punjab Police 25
 
7.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
4.9% Other 2
 
2.4% Black cat 1
 
2.4% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

61.0% Punjab police 25
 
4.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.4% Black cat 1
 
2.4% Army 1
 
2.4% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

46.3% Combatant 19
 
 
51.2% Non-combatant 21

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.2% Yes 5
 
 
39.0% No 16

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.2% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

29.3% Yes 12
 
 
70.7% No 29

Approached security officials

51.2% Yes 21
 
 
48.8% No 20

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

68.3% Afraid of retaliation 28
 
24.4% Couldn’t afford 10
 
4.9% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
2.4% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

80.5% Truth commission 33
 
70.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 29
 
65.9% Monetary compensation to family 27
 
61.0% Employment 25
 
48.8% Investigations into abuses 20
 
34.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 14
 
31.7% Memorial for victims 13
 
17.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
4.9% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Patiala 41
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
2.4% 1983 1
 
2.4% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.4% 1986 1
 
2.4% 1987 1
 
2.4% 1988 1
 
4.9% 1989 2
 
9.8% 1990 4
 
22.0% 1991 9
 
12.2% 1992 5
 
24.4% 1993 10
 
2.4% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0