Kapurthala

District: Kapurthala

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Kapurthala Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.1% Male 58
 
 
4.9% Female 3

Marital status

57.4% Not married 35
 
 
42.6% Married 26

If married, did the victim have children?

34.4% Yes 21
 
 
8.2% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 72


Religion

100.0% Sikh 61
 

Caste

72.1% Jat 44
 
 
27.9% Non-Jat 17

Age

9.8% 0-17 6
 
68.9% 18-33 42
 
11.5% 34-49 7
 
6.6% 50-64 4
 
3.3% 65+ 2
 

Education

23.0% No education 14
 
18.0% Primary school 11
 
19.7% Middle school 12
 
24.6% High school 15
 
4.9% Some college 3
 
3.3% College degree 2
 
4.9% Graduate degree 3
 
1.6% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

44.3% Farmer/agriculture 27
 
9.8% Student 6
 
8.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 5
 
6.6% Day labourer 4
 
4.9% Housewife 3
 
3.3% Unemployed 2
 
3.3% Mechanic 2
 
1.6% Shopkeeper 1
 
23.0% Other 14
 

Urban / Rural

88.5% Rural 54
 
 
11.5% Urban 7

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

62.3% Yes 38
 
 
37.7% No 23

Prior torture

50.8% Yes 31
 
 
11.5% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

88.5% Yes 54
 
 
11.5% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

23.7% Yes 9
 
 
73.7% No 28

Witnesses to abduction

62.3% Yes 38
 
 
9.8% No 6

Victim abduction location

24.6% Victim’s residence 15
 
13.1% Roadside 8
 
9.8% Friend/relative's residence 6
 
4.9% Shop/market 3
 
3.3% Village fields 2
 
3.3% Bus station/stand 2
 
1.6% Police station 1
 
1.6% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
18.0% Other 11
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

52.5% Yes 32
 
 
36.1% No 22

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.0% Denied involvement 11
 
13.1% Told family to go to another police station 8
 
11.5% Gave no response 7
 
8.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 5
 
6.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
6.6% Other 4
 
1.6% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.3% Yes 2
 
 
77.0% No 47

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

75.4% Extrajudicial executions 46
 
 
24.6% Enforced disappearances 15

Number of victims per family

78.7% 1 victim 48
 
4.9% 2 victim 3
 
6.6% 3 victim 4
 
9.8% 7 victim 6
 

Related incidents

4.9% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
93.4% No genuine encounters in family 57

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

18.0% Cremated the body 11
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

16.4% Yes 10
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
59.0% No 36
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.8% Bullet wounds 6
 
3.3% Bruises 2
 
3.3% Broken bones 2
 
3.3% Burn marks 2
 
1.6% Other 1
 
1.6% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.5% Yes 32
 
 
21.3% No 13

Security forces uniformed

65.8% Yes 25
 
 
26.3% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

78.7% Punjab Police 48
 
8.2% CRPF 5
 
1.6% Other 1
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

72.1% Punjab police 44
 
4.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
1.6% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

42.6% Combatant 26
 
 
55.7% Non-combatant 34

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.2% Yes 5
 
 
45.9% No 28

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.6% Yes 4
 
 
1.6% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

18.0% Yes 11
 
 
82.0% No 50

Approached security officials

59.0% Yes 36
 
 
39.3% No 24

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

60.7% Afraid of retaliation 37
 
9.8% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
9.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 6
 
8.2% Couldn’t afford 5
 
6.6% Not applicable 4
 

Remedies desired from government

72.1% Truth commission 44
 
68.9% Monetary compensation to family 42
 
50.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 31
 
49.2% Employment 30
 
42.6% Investigations into abuses 26
 
34.4% Memorial for victims 21
 
34.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 21
 
11.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
8.2% Desire nothing from government 5
 
4.9% Other 3
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Kapurthala 61
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
1.6% 1982 1
 
1.6% 1983 1
 
3.3% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
1.6% 1986 1
 
4.9% 1987 3
 
3.3% 1988 2
 
13.1% 1989 8
 
8.2% 1990 5
 
11.5% 1991 7
 
18.0% 1992 11
 
21.3% 1993 13
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
1.6% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
1.6% 1997 1
 
1.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
1.6% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.9% Date Unknown 3