Payal

District: Ludhiana

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


40 documented cases in Payal Subdistrict

Aluna Palla, 1 case
Bhathal, 1
Chomon, 1
Dhamot, 1
Doraha, 1
Dudhal, 1
Gidri, 2
Hans, 2
Jallah, 1
Jhamat, 1
Kaddon, 3
Katahri, 1
Mahpur, 1
Payal, 2
Rara, 2
Sihaura, 3

Key statistics for documented cases in Payal Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 40
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

62.5% Not married 25
 
 
37.5% Married 15

If married, did the victim have children?

35.0% Yes 14
 
 
2.5% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 30


Religion

100.0% Sikh 40
 

Caste

72.5% Jat 29
 
 
27.5% Non-Jat 11

Age

10.0% 0-17 4
 
65.0% 18-33 26
 
15.0% 34-49 6
 
7.5% 50-64 3
 

Education

27.5% No education 11
 
5.0% Primary school 2
 
10.0% Middle school 4
 
32.5% High school 13
 
10.0% College degree 4
 
7.5% Graduate degree 3
 
7.5% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

30.0% Farmer/agriculture 12
 
20.0% Day labourer 8
 
20.0% Student 8
 
5.0% Unemployed 2
 
5.0% Mechanic 2
 
2.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.5% Shopkeeper 1
 
20.0% Other 8
 

Urban / Rural

92.5% Rural 37
 
 
7.5% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.5% Yes 21
 
 
47.5% No 19

Prior torture

40.0% Yes 16
 
 
12.5% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

77.5% Yes 31
 
 
20.0% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

47.1% Yes 8
 
 
64.7% No 11

Witnesses to abduction

42.5% Yes 17
 
 
7.5% No 3

Victim abduction location

15.0% Village fields 6
 
12.5% Victim’s residence 5
 
10.0% Roadside 4
 
5.0% Police station 2
 
2.5% Village drain 1
 
2.5% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
2.5% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.5% Bus station/stand 1
 
15.0% Other 6
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

47.5% Yes 19
 
 
27.5% No 11

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

15.0% Gave no response 6
 
7.5% Denied involvement 3
 
5.0% Other 2
 
2.5% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
2.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
2.5% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.5% Yes 1
 
 
60.0% No 24

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

82.5% Extrajudicial executions 33
 
 
17.5% Enforced disappearances 7

Number of victims per family

90.0% 1 victim 36
 
10.0% 2 victim 4
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 40

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

12.5% Cremated the body 5
 
2.5% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

22.5% Yes 9
 
2.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
57.5% No 23
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.5% Bullet wounds 7
 
10.0% Cuts/wounds 4
 
7.5% Bruises 3
 
2.5% Other 1
 
2.5% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.5% Broken bones 1
 
2.5% Burn marks 1
 
2.5% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.5% Yes 23
 
 
17.5% No 7

Security forces uniformed

111.8% Yes 19
 
 
23.5% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

65.0% Punjab Police 26
 
7.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
5.0% Black cat 2
 
5.0% CRPF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

72.5% Punjab police 29
 
5.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.5% Other 1
 
2.5% CRPF 1
 
2.5% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

35.0% Combatant 14
 
 
65.0% Non-combatant 26

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.5% Yes 5
 
 
52.5% No 21

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.5% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

27.5% Yes 11
 
 
70.0% No 28

Approached security officials

37.5% Yes 15
 
 
60.0% No 24

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

52.5% Afraid of retaliation 21
 
15.0% Couldn’t afford 6
 
10.0% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
5.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
2.5% Other 1
 
2.5% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Truth commission 30
 
57.5% Employment 23
 
47.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 19
 
45.0% Monetary compensation to family 18
 
42.5% Investigations into abuses 17
 
30.0% Memorial for victims 12
 
22.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 9
 
22.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
5.0% Desire nothing from government 2
 
2.5% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Ludhiana 40
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
10.0% 1983 4
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.5% 1986 1
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
2.5% 1988 1
 
15.0% 1989 6
 
5.0% 1990 2
 
25.0% 1991 10
 
12.5% 1992 5
 
15.0% 1993 6
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
12.5% Date Unknown 5