Bathinda

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


139 documented cases in Bathinda District


Key statistics for documented cases in Bathinda District

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.3% Male 138
 
 
0.7% Female 1

Marital status

57.6% Not married 80
 
 
42.4% Married 59

If married, did the victim have children?

33.8% Yes 47
 
 
5.8% No 8


Total children surviving victims: 123


Religion

96.4% Sikh 134
 
 
3.6% Non-Sikh 5

Caste

60.4% Jat 84
 
 
39.6% Non-Jat 55

Age

5.8% 0-17 8
 
73.4% 18-33 102
 
12.9% 34-49 18
 
2.9% 50-64 4
 
2.2% 65+ 3
 
0.7% Age unknown 1
 

Education

25.2% No education 35
 
18.7% Primary school 26
 
10.1% Middle school 14
 
33.8% High school 47
 
4.3% Some college 6
 
2.9% College degree 4
 
1.4% Graduate degree 2
 
2.9% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

42.4% Farmer/agriculture 59
 
12.9% Day labourer 18
 
9.4% Student 13
 
5.8% Unemployed 8
 
3.6% Shopkeeper 5
 
3.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 5
 
0.7% Housewife 1
 
0.7% Mechanic 1
 
26.6% Other 37
 

Urban / Rural

88.5% Rural 123
 
 
11.5% Urban 16

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

54.0% Yes 75
 
 
46.0% No 64

Prior torture

34.5% Yes 48
 
 
19.4% No 27

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.9% Yes 111
 
 
12.9% No 18

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

19.4% Yes 19
 
 
73.5% No 72

Witnesses to abduction

70.5% Yes 98
 
 
2.9% No 4

Victim abduction location

25.9% Victim’s residence 36
 
10.8% Friend/relative's residence 15
 
7.9% Roadside 11
 
7.9% Village fields 11
 
5.0% Bus station/stand 7
 
4.3% Police station 6
 
2.2% Shop/market 3
 
1.4% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
0.7% Village drain 1
 
9.4% Other 13
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

38.8% Yes 54
 
 
41.0% No 57

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.1% Gave no response 28
 
18.0% Told family to go to another police station 25
 
5.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 8
 
3.6% Other 5
 
2.9% Victim had escaped 4
 
2.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
1.4% Denied involvement 2
 
0.7% Admitted custody only 1
 
0.7% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
0.7% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.6% Yes 5
 
 
59.7% No 83

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

63.3% Extrajudicial executions 88
 
 
36.7% Enforced disappearances 51

Number of victims per family

80.6% 1 victim 112
 
14.4% 2 victims 20
 
2.9% 3 victims 4
 
2.2% 4 victims 3
 

Related incidents

5.0% Genuine encounters in family 7
 
 
95.0% No genuine encounters in family 132

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

15.8% Cremated the body 22
 
0.7% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

6.5% Yes 9
 
1.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
55.4% No 77
 

Condition of corpse, if known

5.8% Bullet wounds 8
 
3.6% Other 5
 
1.4% Missing fingernails 2
 
0.7% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
0.7% Bruises 1
 
0.7% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

44.6% Yes 62
 
 
19.4% No 27

Security forces uniformed

80.6% Yes 79
 
 
9.2% No 9

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.3% Punjab Police 106
 
5.8% CRPF 8
 
4.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
2.9% Other 4
 
1.4% Black cat 2
 
0.7% BSF 1
 
0.7% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

62.6% Punjab police 87
 
2.2% CRPF 3
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 
2.2% Black cat 3
 
0.7% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

28.1% Combatant 39
 
 
70.5% Non-combatant 98

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.9% Yes 18
 
 
52.5% No 73

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.5% Yes 16
 
 
1.4% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

19.4% Yes 27
 
 
80.6% No 112

Approached security officials

53.2% Yes 74
 
 
46.8% No 65

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

63.3% Afraid of retaliation 88
 
33.1% Didn’t know what to do 46
 
31.7% Couldn’t afford 44
 
20.9% Believed it would have been ineffective 29
 
1.4% Other 2
 
0.7% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

89.9% Truth commission 125
 
65.5% Investigations into abuses 91
 
59.7% Employment 83
 
55.4% Monetary compensation to family 77
 
32.4% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 45
 
32.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 45
 
20.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 29
 
9.4% Memorial for victims 13
 
2.9% Desire nothing from government 4
 

Year & District  

District

100.0% Bathinda 139
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.7% 1985 1
 
0.7% 1986 1
 
0.7% 1987 1
 
1.4% 1988 2
 
2.2% 1989 3
 
6.5% 1990 9
 
21.6% 1991 30
 
29.5% 1992 41
 
15.1% 1993 21
 
0.7% 1994 1
 
0.7% 1995 1
 
0.7% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.7% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0