Bathinda

District: Bathinda

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.


Key statistics for documented cases in Bathinda Subdistrict

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.5% Male 66
 
 
1.5% Female 1

Marital status

46.3% Not married 31
 
 
53.7% Married 36

If married, did the victim have children?

41.8% Yes 28
 
 
6.0% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 70


Religion

97.0% Sikh 65
 
 
3.0% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

62.7% Jat 42
 
 
37.3% Non-Jat 25

Age

6.0% 0-17 4
 
68.7% 18-33 46
 
17.9% 34-49 12
 
3.0% 50-64 2
 
1.5% 65+ 1
 
1.5% Age unknown 1
 

Education

22.4% No education 15
 
23.9% Primary school 16
 
4.5% Middle school 3
 
28.4% High school 19
 
7.5% Some college 5
 
6.0% College degree 4
 
3.0% Graduate degree 2
 
4.5% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

41.8% Farmer/agriculture 28
 
14.9% Student 10
 
6.0% Day labourer 4
 
6.0% Unemployed 4
 
1.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
1.5% Shopkeeper 1
 
1.5% Housewife 1
 
28.4% Other 19
 

Urban / Rural

80.6% Rural 54
 
 
19.4% Urban 13

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.2% Yes 35
 
 
47.8% No 32

Prior torture

35.8% Yes 24
 
 
16.4% No 11

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

74.6% Yes 50
 
 
16.4% No 11

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.7% Yes 10
 
 
67.4% No 31

Witnesses to abduction

68.7% Yes 46
 
 
4.5% No 3

Victim abduction location

22.4% Victim’s residence 15
 
9.0% Friend/relative's residence 6
 
7.5% Village fields 5
 
7.5% Police station 5
 
6.0% Bus station/stand 4
 
3.0% Roadside 2
 
3.0% Shop/market 2
 
1.5% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
7.5% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

37.3% Yes 25
 
 
37.3% No 25

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

23.9% Gave no response 16
 
10.4% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
6.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 4
 
6.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
1.5% Victim had escaped 1
 
1.5% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
1.5% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.5% Yes 3
 
 
50.7% No 34

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

65.7% Extrajudicial executions 44
 
 
34.3% Enforced disappearances 23

Number of victims per family

80.6% 1 victim 54
 
13.4% 2 victims 9
 
4.5% 3 victims 3
 
1.5% 4 victims 1
 

Related incidents

6.0% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
94.0% No genuine encounters in family 63

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

22.4% Cremated the body 15
 
1.5% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

7.5% Yes 5
 
3.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
55.2% No 37
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.5% Bullet wounds 5
 
4.5% Other 3
 
1.5% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
1.5% Cuts/wounds 1
 
1.5% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

41.8% Yes 28
 
 
17.9% No 12

Security forces uniformed

71.7% Yes 33
 
 
13.0% No 6

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

68.7% Punjab Police 46
 
3.0% CRPF 2
 
3.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
1.5% BSF 1
 
1.5% Army 1
 
1.5% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

64.2% Punjab police 43
 
4.5% CRPF 3
 
4.5% Black cat 3
 
1.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
1.5% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.3% Combatant 23
 
 
64.2% Non-combatant 43

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

11.9% Yes 8
 
 
46.3% No 31

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.9% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

20.9% Yes 14
 
 
79.1% No 53

Approached security officials

49.3% Yes 33
 
 
50.7% No 34

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

59.7% Afraid of retaliation 40
 
28.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 19
 
20.9% Didn’t know what to do 14
 
19.4% Couldn’t afford 13
 
1.5% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

88.1% Truth commission 59
 
56.7% Employment 38
 
50.7% Investigations into abuses 34
 
44.8% Monetary compensation to family 30
 
29.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 20
 
13.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
10.4% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 7
 
6.0% Desire nothing from government 4
 
6.0% Memorial for victims 4
 

Time & Place  

District

100.0% Bathinda 67
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
1.5% 1985 1
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
1.5% 1987 1
 
3.0% 1988 2
 
3.0% 1989 2
 
7.5% 1990 5
 
23.9% 1991 16
 
22.4% 1992 15
 
17.9% 1993 12
 
1.5% 1994 1
 
1.5% 1995 1
 
1.5% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
1.5% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0