Gurmeet Kaur

Extrajudicial execution between September 19, 1992 and October 5, 1992

Female, age 24-25

Demographics

Residence

Education

No education

Employment

Housewife

Married

Yes

Children

2

Religion

Sikh, Amritdhari

Caste

Jat


Photo of Gurmeet Kaur, victim of extrajudicial execution between September 19, 1992 and October 5,  1992, in Bhikhiwind, by Punjab Police

Abduction & Detention

Prior detentions

No

Perceived reason for targeting victim

Victim was related to a militant; Victim gave support to militants

Abduction preceding extrajudicial execution

Yes, September 19, 1992

Place of abduction

Victim's residence

Witness(es) to abduction

Parents; Co-villager

Security officials informed witnesses about destination

Yes

Security officials uniformed

Yes

Detention Locations

Detention locations known

Police station/post, Bhikhiwind, for 10-15 days
Seen by sarpanch/politician

Witness report

Victim had been severely beaten.

Extrajudicial Execution between September 19, 1992 and October 5, 1992

Body Disposal

Body returned

No

Bhog notice

No

Security Forces Implicated

Forces involved in abduction

Officials involved in abduction

Paramjit Teja, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Punjab Police, Bhikhiwind

Forces involved in extrajudicial execution

Officials involved in extrajudicial execution

Paramjit Teja, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Punjab Police, Bhikhiwind

Militancy Involvement

Combatant

No

Militant support provided

Yes, Voluntary

Remedies & Impact

Security officials approached

Yes, Punjab Police, from Bhikhiwind

Response by officials

Admitted custody only

Legal remedies pursued

No, Did not know what to do

Impact on family

Family member(s) dropped out of school

Remedies desired from government

Monetary compensation to family; Employment; Truth commission; Memorial for victims

Connected Victims

Genuine encounters in family

No

Co-victims of abduction

No

Co-victims of extrajudicial execution

Yes, 1

Family Reflections

A politician (sarpanch) witnessed Gurmeet Kaur's detention at Bhikhiwind police station. Kabal Singh explains, "She was... severely beaten."

Summary

Gurmeet Kaur was a Jat, Amritdhari Sikh, and a resident of village Kalia in Amritsar. She was 24 to 25 years old when security forces killed her. She had not received a formal education and worked as a housewife. Gurmeet Kaur was married and had two children. She was not involved in political activity; nor was she a militant. She voluntarily provided support to the militancy.

Security forces did not detain Gurmeet Kaur prior to the detention leading to her killing, although they visited her joint familial house three times and detained her brother-in-law once. Her brother-in-law Kabal Singh believes security forces targeted Gurmeet Kaur because her husband was a militant and she gave support to a militant.

Between September 19, 1992 and October 5, 1992, uniformed Punjab Police officials from Bhikhiwind illegally abducted Gurmeet Kaur from her home in village Kalia in Amritsar district. Kabal Singh explains, "At my brother's Bhog, police surrounded our home because my brother was a [member] of a militant group. Police picked up [Gurmeet Kaur] on the day of his Bhog." Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Paramjit Teja of the Punjab Police from Bhikhiwind participated in the illegal abduction. Gurmeet Kaur's parents and a co-villager witnessed the abduction and security forces informed them that they were taking her to Bhikhiwind police station.

Punjab Police illegally detained Gurmeet Kaur at Bhikhiwind police station for 10 to 15 days between September 19, 1991 and October 5, 1992. A politician (sarpanch) witnessed Gurmeet Kaur's detention at Bhikhiwind police station. Kabal Singh explains, "She was... severely beaten." Punjab Police did not inform Kabal Singh about whether or not they presented Gurmeet Kaur before a judge or magistrate during this detention period.

Between September 19, 1992 and October 5, 1992, Punjab Police from Bhikhiwind killed Gurmeet Kaur in Amritsar district. They killed one other individual with her. DSP Paramjit Teja of the Punjab Police from Bhikhiwind participated in the killings. Gurmeet Kaur's family learned of her killing from a news article published between September 19, 1992 and October 5, 1992. The article alleged that she had been killed in a genuine encounter. Security officials did not return Gurmeet Kaur's body to her family, and Kabal Singh does not know how security forces disposed of the body.

Following Gurmeet Kaur's killing, the family approached the Punjab Police of Bhikhiwind, but security officials only admitted to Gurmeet Kaur's custody. The family did not file an FIR; nor did they approach a court or commission because they did not know what to do.

As a result of Gurmeet Kaur's killing, her children both dropped out of school. The family has been approached by other human rights organizations and does not fear persecution. They believe the government should establish a truth commission, grant monetary compensation, provide employment, and construct a memorial for victims.



Note: Subdistrict and district boundaries are based on the 2001 census. Read more about our methodology.