Criminal Investigation Agency

248 documented cases directly implicating Criminal Investigation Agency in abduction/disappearance:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Jaspal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kandowali
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Dilraj Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khapar Kheri
Harbans Singh Male, age 45 at time of disappearance, Maqbool Pura
Harnam Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangna
Paramjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sawinder Kaur Female, age 32 at time of disappearance, Muradpura
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Gurnam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rayya
Kashmir Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Sathiala
Lakhbir Singh Badesha Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Danial
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Balwinder Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Harbhajan Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Mohammad Khan
Swaran Singh Male, age 75 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jallala Bad
Patti Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 60-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Buta Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhura Kohna
Hardev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaur Singhwala
Joginder Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of disappearance, Khemkaran
Pargat Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Sur Singh
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Sakhira
Balwinder Singh Male, age 43-44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib Khurd
Charat Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal Raju Singh
Gajan Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of disappearance, Sakhira
Gurbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Gurmej Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Kewal Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpur
Makhan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpur
Meja Singh Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Rahman
Nirvail Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Rupinderjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran
Shamsher Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Surjit Singh Male, age 53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akalia Khurd
Kamaljeet Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathinda
Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Atma Singh Male, age 80-85 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kangar
Jagroop Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanduke
Nirmal Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of disappearance, Aklia Jalal
Talwandi Sabo Subdistrict
Chand Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mirziana
Gurtej Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuman Kalan
Rajpal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramsara

Faridkot District

Faridkot Subdistrict
Angrej Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara
Balwinder Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghumiara
Jaitu Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of disappearance, Sarawan

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Khamanon Subdistrict
Sewa Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajner

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Amar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Piruwala
Balkar Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihala Lawera
Beant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawahar Singhwala
Hazara Singh Male, age 70-72 at time of extrajudicial execution, Piruwala
Jasbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Firozpur
Laljit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singhwala
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhok Naudh Singh
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 26-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagguwala
Zira Subdistrict
Jameet Singh Male, age 54-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Mahrana
Palwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sharaf Ali Shahwala

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of disappearance, Dhanda
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Rajwant Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarpala
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidowal Khurd
Kulwant Singh Male, age 39 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nanowal Khurd
Manjeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura Chhittran
Manjit Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Nagar
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Kala Bala

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Usman Shahid
Baljinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korala Kalan
Bikram Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Khuda
Daljit Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhawan
Harwinderjit Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Usman Shahid
Jagtar Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Galowal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhawan
Garhshankar Subdistrict
Heera Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Tuto Mazara
Mahinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ganguwal
Makhan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahilpur
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Baghel Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hoshiarpur
Harjap Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandhar
Harwinder Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singriwala
Janak Raj Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hardo Khanpur
Jaswant Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Begampur
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Lehli Kalan
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sus
Ravinder Kumar Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sainchan
Roshan Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buthgarh
Mukerian Subdistrict
Tajinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behbal Manj

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Balvir Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Palwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandar
Ranbir Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandar
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanal
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Bahadur Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Haller
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhogpur
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 64-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Phillaur Subdistrict
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panj Dhera
Manjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bilga
Shahkot Subdistrict
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Mala Chhanna
Mahinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burewal

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Jagwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Kapurthala
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 14 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamewal
Narinderjit Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bamuwal
Ranjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kanjli
Satnaam Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majorwala
Phagwara Subdistrict
Amar Singh Male, age 64 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gaunspur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadda
Satpal Singh Male, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gandhwan
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Sherpur dogran
Balvir Kaur Female, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur Jagir
Gurwinder Kaur Female, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathupur
Jagtar Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur Jagir
Jaswant Singh Male, age 31-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Sadha
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Busowal
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathupur

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Bhindi Male, Bhundri
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lamma
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Gurdev Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chimna
Gurdev Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Gurdev Singh Kaunke Male, age 42-43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke Kalan
Harchand Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Hardev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majri
Harpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpura
Jagjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Janetpura
Jarnail Singh Male, age 46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur Malla
Jasvir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Joginder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangsipura
Kulwant Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Mann
Major Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Kalara
Mukand Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Khurd
Paramjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manuke
Ranjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Roop Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehrka
Samsher Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Janetpura
Satnam Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangsipura
Satwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Galib Kalan
Sukhdarshan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurah
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mann
Teja Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Rashpal Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Rupinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daba
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Gill
Rajinder Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulara
Payal Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 52-53 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihaura
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghudani Kalan
Jarnail Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Kaddon
Nachhatar Singh Bhola Male, age 27-28 at time of disappearance, Bharthala Randhawa
Raikot Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Abuwal
Gurdial Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bassian
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Rajoana Kalan
Mahinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Abuwal
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatpura
Samrala Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Billing Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Seh

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Mahinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Barah
Najjar Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kulana
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Datewas
Mansa Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Dhilwan
Baldev Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhi
Gurjant Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Aklia
Jasvir Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of disappearance, Bhikhi
Mahinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Hari
Satnam Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Mansa
Sardulgarh Subdistrict
Narayan Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of disappearance, Ahlupur
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mankhera

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Langiana Nawan
Malkit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjgarain Khurd
Nirmal Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajiana
Sadhu Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Moga Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghal Kalan
Karnail Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Acchar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Patiala
Gyaan Singh Male, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kauli
Jagdish Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dadhera
Karam Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Patiala
Manjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala
Pooran Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Uppali
Surjit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kauli
Rajpura Subdistrict
Mohinder Singh Male, age 20-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhapal
Samana Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Shutrana
Amrik Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Shutrana
Avtar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shutrana
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karim Nagar Alias Chicharwala
Dalbir Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugal Kalan
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daroli
Kanta Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majri
Maggar Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalar Bhaini
Palwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haryaoo Khurd
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of disappearance, Shutrana

Rupnagar District

Kharar Subdistrict
Devinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hasanpur
Gurcharanjit Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paraul
Paramjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manakpur Sharif
Rupnagar Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kheri Salabatpur
Amarjit Singh Male, age 36 at time of disappearance, Gagon
Amrik Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Bari Mandauli
Avtar Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhota Samana
Baldev Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of disappearance, Bardar
Dilbar Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Raje Majra
Dilbar Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bari Mandauli
Palwinder Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dulchi Majra
Paramjit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Solkhian
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Doom Chheri

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manal
Bikar Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghunas
Darshan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gehal
Dhanna Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghunas
Gulab Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhilwan Nabha
Jagmail Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangewal
Jaspal Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapa
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaula
Kartar Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhotna
Lamber Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khudi Khurd
Maghar Singh Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thuliwal
Naseeb Kaur Female, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thuliwal
Sodagar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Mangewal
Sukhsagar Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Bhila
Surjit Singh Male, age 48-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sanghera
Dhuri Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alal
Amritpal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajo Majra
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Kumbarwal
Bir Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of disappearance, Jahangir
Hardeep Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajo Majra
Kirpal Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Benra
Sukhjit Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of disappearance, Rajo Majra
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Randhir Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Amargarh
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sehke
Sangrur Subdistrict
Jagseer Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kakra
Paramjeet Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gehlan
Sunam Subdistrict
Gurcharn Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of disappearance, Phulera

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 13-14 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Kulwant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Indore, Madhya Pradesh

Key statistics of cases directly implicating Criminal Investigation Agency:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.0% Male 243
 
 
2.0% Female 5

Marital status

50.8% Not married 126
 
 
48.8% Married 121

If married, did the victim have children?

44.4% Yes 110
 
 
3.6% No 9


Total children surviving victims: 294


Religion

99.2% Sikh 246
 
 
0.8% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

71.4% Jat 177
 
 
28.6% Non-Jat 71

Age

4.4% 0-17 11
 
70.6% 18-33 175
 
16.9% 34-49 42
 
4.8% 50-64 12
 
1.6% 65+ 4
 
0.4% Age unknown 1
 

Education

16.1% No education 40
 
17.7% Primary school 44
 
19.0% Middle school 47
 
31.9% High school 79
 
4.0% Some college 10
 
4.8% College degree 12
 
3.6% Graduate degree 9
 
2.4% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

41.5% Farmer/agriculture 103
 
12.9% Student 32
 
8.1% Day labourer 20
 
6.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 15
 
4.8% Shopkeeper 12
 
2.0% Unemployed 5
 
1.6% Housewife 4
 
1.6% Mechanic 4
 
1.2% Carpenter 3
 
27.0% Other 67
 

Urban / Rural

81.9% Rural 203
 
 
10.9% Urban 27

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

54.4% Yes 135
 
 
45.2% No 112

Prior torture

41.9% Yes 104
 
 
12.5% No 31

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

92.3% Yes 229
 
 
7.3% No 18

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.3% Yes 41
 
 
76.6% No 141

Witnesses to abduction

74.2% Yes 184
 
 
3.6% No 9

Victim abduction location

31.9% Victim’s residence 79
 
13.7% Roadside 34
 
10.1% Friend/relative's residence 25
 
5.6% Police station 14
 
4.4% Shop/market 11
 
4.0% Village fields 10
 
3.6% Bus station/stand 9
 
0.8% Village drain 2
 
0.8% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
15.7% Other 39
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

75.0% Yes 186
 
 
16.9% No 42

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.0% Gave no response 47
 
19.0% Denied involvement 47
 
11.7% Other 29
 
7.7% Told family to go to another police station 19
 
4.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 10
 
3.6% Victim had escaped 9
 
2.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
1.2% Admitted custody only 3
 
0.4% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.4% Yes 11
 
 
78.2% No 194

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

77.8% Extrajudicial executions 193
 
 
22.2% Enforced disappearances 55

Number of victims per family

83.5% 1 victim 207
 
11.7% 2 victim 29
 
2.8% 3 victim 7
 
1.6% 4 victim 4
 
0.4% 5 victim 1
 

Related incidents

2.8% Genuine encounters in family 7
 
 
97.2% No genuine encounters in family 241

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

23.8% Cremated the body 59
 
4.0% Dumped body in canal or river 10
 

Security forces returned body

12.5% Yes 31
 
1.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 3
 
64.1% No 159
 

Condition of corpse, if known

5.6% Bullet wounds 14
 
4.4% Other 11
 
4.0% Bruises 10
 
2.4% Broken bones 6
 
2.4% Cuts/wounds 6
 
2.0% Burn marks 5
 
1.2% Missing fingernails 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

77.8% Yes 193
 
 
12.1% No 30

Security forces uniformed

90.8% Yes 167
 
 
15.8% No 29

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

60.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 151
 
59.3% Punjab Police 147
 
8.9% CRPF 22
 
1.6% Other 4
 
1.2% Black cat 3
 
1.2% BSF 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

54.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 134
 
44.8% Punjab police 111
 
2.8% CRPF 7
 
0.8% BSF 2
 
0.4% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

32.7% Combatant 81
 
 
63.3% Non-combatant 157

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.4% Yes 53
 
 
39.9% No 99

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.1% Yes 35
 
 
5.6% No 14

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

32.3% Yes 80
 
 
66.1% No 164

Approached security officials

54.8% Yes 136
 
 
44.8% No 111

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

52.0% Afraid of retaliation 129
 
17.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 43
 
15.3% Didn’t know what to do 38
 
14.5% Couldn’t afford 36
 
7.7% Not applicable 19
 
3.2% Other 8
 

Remedies desired from government

74.2% Truth commission 184
 
66.1% Monetary compensation to family 164
 
58.5% Employment 145
 
47.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 117
 
46.8% Investigations into abuses 116
 
31.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 79
 
23.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 58
 
19.4% Memorial for victims 48
 
4.4% Desire nothing from government 11
 
3.2% Other 8
 

Year & District 

District

14.5% Amritsar 36
 
3.2% Bathinda 8
 
1.2% Faridkot 3
 
0.4% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
4.0% Firozpur 10
 
2.8% Gurdaspur 7
 
8.1% Hoshiarpur 20
 
5.2% Jalandhar 13
 
6.0% Kapurthala 15
 
16.9% Ludhiana 42
 
4.4% Mansa 11
 
2.4% Moga 6
 
7.3% Patiala 18
 
5.2% Rupnagar 13
 
10.9% Sangrur 27
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.4% 1983 1
 
0.4% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.8% 1986 2
 
2.4% 1987 6
 
2.0% 1988 5
 
5.6% 1989 14
 
5.6% 1990 14
 
9.7% 1991 24
 
36.3% 1992 90
 
25.4% 1993 63
 
1.6% 1994 4
 
0.4% 1995 1
 
0.8% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.8% 1999 2
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.7% Date Unknown 19
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.